Artibonite Department facts for kids
|- elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|Area||4,895 km² (1,890 sq mi)|
|Density||265.5 /km² (688 /sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||DST (UTC-4)|
Artibonite is one of the ten departments (French: départments, singular départment) of Haiti. It is named Artibonite because the Artibonite river flows across the department from east to west. Its capital is Gonaïves.
The Départment de l'Artibonite, with an area of 4,895 km², is the largest department of Haiti.
The main river of the department is the Artibonite. Other rivers are Ennery, de l'Estère, Montrouis, Quinte.
The mountain chains here run from west to east and the most important are the Chaine de Terre-Neuve and the Montagnes Noires (in English, "Black Mountains"). There is also part of the Chaine des Mattheux.
It is bordered to the northwest by the Nord-Ouest Department, to the north and northeast by the Nord Department, to the east by the Centre Department and to the south by the Ouest Department. The Gulf of Gonâve is to the west.
The department had, in the 2003 census, a population of 1,299,398 persons: 625,690 men and 673,708 women, with 422,476 (32.51%) living in cities and towns.
The main cities are Gonaïves (the capital) and Saint-Marc.
- Grande Saline
- Petite Rivière de l'Artibonite
- Anse Rouge
- Saint Michel de l'Attalaye
- La Chapelle
Most of the rice of Haiti is grown in the Artibonite department, along the valley of the River Artibonite.
Artibonite Department Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.