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Ashland, Maine
Location of Ashland, Maine
Location of Ashland, Maine
Country  United States
State Flag of Maine.svg Maine
County Aroostook
Area
 • Total 81.54 sq mi (211.19 km2)
 • Land 80.41 sq mi (208.26 km2)
 • Water 1.13 sq mi (2.93 km2)
Elevation
722 ft (220 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,302
 • Estimate 
(2012)
1,282
 • Density 16.2/sq mi (6.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
04732, 04737, 04759
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-01710
GNIS feature ID 0582331

Ashland is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. The population was 1309 at the 2010 census. It is the location of Maine's Great North Woods.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 81.54 square miles (211.19 km2), of which 80.41 square miles (208.26 km2) is land and 1.13 square miles (2.93 km2) is water. Around Ashland are the smaller towns and townships of Masardis, Oxbow Plantation, Portage, Nashville Plantation, and Garfield Plantation.

History

For thousands of years, Native American tribes inhabited this region.

In the 1830s William Dalton became the first Euro-American to establish residency at the site of the future town. The community was organized as a plantation in 1840, at which time there were 40 heads of household listed. It was incorporated as a town in 1862, under the name of Ashland. From 1869 to 1876 the town was renamed "Dalton," but then reverted to its historic and current name. The town grew geographically in size when Sheridan Plantation, which had been organized in 1878 to the north of Ashland, was annexed by Ashland in 1901 to form its present boundaries.

The town of Ashland was located on the nineteenth-century stage route from Patten to Fort Kent. In the nineteenth-century logging was the main industry. The lumber industry was at a peak about 1915, although some continues to the present.

Russell Camp Maine
Russell Camp Maine c. 1900

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 606
1870 445 −26.6%
1880 505 13.5%
1890 568 12.5%
1900 1,080 90.1%
1910 2,173 101.2%
1920 2,391 10.0%
1930 2,198 −8.1%
1940 2,457 11.8%
1950 2,370 −3.5%
1960 1,980 −16.5%
1970 1,761 −11.1%
1980 1,865 5.9%
1990 1,542 −17.3%
2000 1,474 −4.4%
2010 1,302 −11.7%
Est. 2014 1,252 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,302 people, 603 households, and 355 families residing in the town. The population density was 16.2 inhabitants per square mile (6.3/km2). There were 733 housing units at an average density of 9.1 per square mile (3.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.6% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 603 households of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the town was 45.2 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,474 people, 629 households, and 398 families residing in the town. The population density was 18.3 people per square mile (7.1/km²). There were 760 housing units at an average density of 9.4 per square mile (3.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.78% White, 0.88% Native American, 0.20% Asian, and 0.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.07% of the population.

There were 629 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 104.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,472, and the median income for a family was $40,185. Males had a median income of $32,768 versus $21,027 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,328. About 6.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.

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