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Baker, Montana
City
Fallon County Library
Fallon County Library
Nickname(s): "Friendly City"
Location of Baker, Montana
Location of Baker, Montana
Country United States
State Montana
County Fallon
Area
 • Total 1.07 sq mi (2.77 km2)
 • Land 0.97 sq mi (2.51 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation 2,936 ft (895 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,741
 • Estimate (2015) 2,011
 • Density 1,794.8/sq mi (693.0/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 59313, 59354
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-03475
GNIS feature ID 0802008
Website http://www.bakermt.com/

Baker is a city in and the county seat of Fallon County, Montana, United States. The population was 1,741 at the 2010 census.

It was named after A. G. Baker, an engineer with the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad.

History

Baker was built along the transcontinental rail line of the Milwaukee Road near where the railroad created a lake to supply water to its steam locomotives. The city was known as Lorraine for a brief time before being renamed in honor of Milwaukee Road engineer A.G. Baker. A successful Milwaukee Land Company campaign to attract homesteaders to the area allowed the city to grow and serve a large community of dryland farmers. Additional growth occurred following the 1912 discovery of oil and natural gas deposits nearby.

In 2014, Baker was described as "a busy, noisy, traffic-jammed, bursting-at-the-seams boomtown on the edge of the oil fields." On June 11, 2016 an EF-3 Tornado struck Baker destroying several houses and damaging dozens more, killing multiple horses in the area and injuring six people.

Geography

Baker is located at 46°21′53″N 104°16′30″W / 46.36472°N 104.275°W / 46.36472; -104.275 (46.364817, −104.275089).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.07 square miles (2.77 km2), of which 0.97 square miles (2.51 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.

Sandstone rock is the predominant feature. Nearby Medicine Rocks State Park has many unusual sandstone rock formations.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,067
1930 1,212 13.6%
1940 1,304 7.6%
1950 1,772 35.9%
1960 2,365 33.5%
1970 2,584 9.3%
1980 2,354 −8.9%
1990 1,818 −22.8%
2000 1,695 −6.8%
2010 1,741 2.7%
Est. 2015 2,011 15.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
2015 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,741 people, 763 households, and 459 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,794.8 inhabitants per square mile (693.0/km2). There were 884 housing units at an average density of 911.3 per square mile (351.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 763 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 39.3 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.6% male and 49.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,695 people, 694 households, and 455 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,974.8 people per square mile (761.0/km²). There were 855 housing units at an average density of 996.2 per square mile (383.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.11% White, 0.24% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.24% of the population.

There were 694 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,893, and the median income for a family was $42,375. Males had a median income of $30,667 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,461. About 7.7% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

Baker experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Baker, Montana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(18.9)
70
(21.1)
80
(26.7)
92
(33.3)
100
(37.8)
110
(43.3)
111
(43.9)
100
(37.8)
105
(40.6)
94
(34.4)
79
(26.1)
68
(20)
111
(43.9)
Average high °F (°C) 28
(-2.2)
35
(1.7)
45
(7.2)
58
(14.4)
69
(20.6)
79
(26.1)
87
(30.6)
86
(30)
75
(23.9)
61
(16.1)
42
(5.6)
32
(0)
58.1
(14.49)
Daily mean °F (°C) 16
(-8.9)
23
(-5)
33
(0.6)
44
(6.7)
55
(12.8)
64
(17.8)
71
(21.7)
70
(21.1)
58
(14.4)
46
(7.8)
30
(-1.1)
19
(-7.2)
44.1
(6.71)
Average low °F (°C) 3
(-16.1)
11
(-11.7)
20
(-6.7)
30
(-1.1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
55
(12.8)
53
(11.7)
42
(5.6)
31
(-0.6)
18
(-7.8)
7
(-13.9)
30.1
(-1.06)
Record low °F (°C) −52
(-46.7)
−45
(-42.8)
−32
(-35.6)
−9
(-22.8)
7
(-13.9)
23
(-5)
35
(1.7)
27
(-2.8)
12
(-11.1)
−16
(-26.7)
−32
(-35.6)
−45
(-42.8)
−52
(-46.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.55
(14)
0.44
(11.2)
0.77
(19.6)
1.38
(35.1)
2.28
(57.9)
2.43
(61.7)
1.77
(45)
1.44
(36.6)
1.37
(34.8)
1.25
(31.8)
0.59
(15)
0.42
(10.7)
14.69
(373.1)
Source: The Weather Channel

Transportation

The Baker Municipal Airport is located one nautical mile (1.15 mi, 1.85 km) southeast of Baker's central business district.

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