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Battle Creek (California) facts for kids

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Battle Creek
Battle Creek California (1).jpg
Battle Creek in January 2007
Battle Creek (California) is located in California
Battle Creek (California)
Location of the mouth in California
Country United States
State California
Physical characteristics
Main source Confluence of North Fork and South Fork
Near Manton, California
868 ft (265 m)
River mouth Sacramento River
Southeast of Anderson
338 ft (103 m)
Length 47 mi (76 km)
Basin features
Basin size 365 sq mi (950 km2)
Tributaries
  • Left:
    South Fork Battle Creek, Spring Branch Battle Creek
  • Right:
    North Fork Battle Creek

Battle Creek is a 16.6-mile-long (26.7 km) creek located in Shasta and Tehama counties, California. It is a major tributary to the Sacramento River.

The eastern side of the Battle Creek watershed falls within the northernmost part of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, as it transitions into the southern Cascade range. The undisturbed part of the watershed is richly diverse in both plant and animal species. The tributaries of Battle Creek originate from dozens of underground springs.

The creek is part of a $67 million Chinook salmon restoration project, a PG&E Battle Creek Hydroelectric Project. Many adjacent properties hold conservation easements protecting them from development.

In addition to the Chinook salmon, the creek has steelhead, rainbow, and brown trout. Counterintuitively, first-year data from a post-wildfire soil erosion study funded by Sierra Pacific Industries, a large industrial timber company, show that control sites disturbed only by fire produced substantially more water runoff and soil erosion than did sites that received post-wildfire salvage logging. However, given this document was written by an employee of the large timber company which has extensively salvage logged the watershed, the results are questionable. Furthermore, two hydrologists' reviews of the document found substantial flaws in it.

The industrial timberland in the Battle Creek watershed is upstream of the restoration project. The clearcutting and post-fire salvage logging which has been occurring since 1998 is the subject of the documentary film "Clearcut Nation", produced by local residents. A Citizen’s Water Monitoring Project has been collecting water quality data both upstream and downstream of the industrial timberland since 2009. This data was analyzed by a statistical hydrologist in 2014.

Battle Creek was named in commemoration of an 1849 battle between Indians and early white trappers.

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