Belgian Congo facts
|Congo belge (French)
Travail et Progrès
(“Work and Progress”)
The Belgian Congo
|Languages||French (de facto official)
Dutch (majority of whites)
more than 200 indigenous languages
|King of the Belgians|
|•||Established||15 November 1908|
|•||Independence||30 June 1960|
|•||1960||2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)|
|Density||7/km2 (18/sq mi)|
|¹ Secession of Katanga on 11 July and South Kasai on 8 August 1960|
Belgian Congo was a Belgian colony in central Africa. It was formed in 1908. The government of Belgium took over the previously separate kingdom of Belgium's monarch Léopold II; the Congo Free State. Today it is called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It existed between Léopold II's formal transfer of his personal control to Belgium on 15 November 1908, and Congolese independence on 30 June 1960.
Leopold II, King of the Belgians and de facto owner of the Congo Free State from 1885 to 1908
Cathedral of the Jesuit mission in Kisantu was built in the 1930s.
Patrice Lumumba, Congolese independence leader and the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville)
Colonial officials, including the Governor-General Pierre Ryckmans, in Léopoldville in 1938.
de:Geschichte der Demokratischen Republik Kongo#Belgisch-Kongo
Belgian Congo Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.