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Benedetto Croce
Member of the Italian Senate
In office
8 May 1948 – 20 November 1952
Constituency Naples
Member of the Italian Constituent Assembly
In office
25 June 1946 – 31 January 1948
Constituency At-large
Minister of Public Education
In office
15 June 1920 – 4 July 1921
Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti
Preceded by Andrea Torre
Succeeded by Orso Mario Corbino
Member of the Italian Royal Senate
In office
26 January 1910 – 24 June 1946
Monarch Victor Emmanuel III
Personal details
Born (1866-02-25)25 February 1866
Pescasseroli, Italy
Died 20 November 1952(1952-11-20) (aged 86)
Naples, Italy
Adele Rossi
(m. 1914; died 1952)
Domestic partner
Angelina Zampanelli
(m. 1893; her d. 1913)
Children Elena, Alda, Silvia, Lidia
Alma mater University of Naples
Profession Historian, writer, landowner

Philosophy career
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Neo-Hegelianism
Classical liberalism
Historism (storicismo)
Main interests
History, aesthetics, politics
Notable ideas
Aesthetic expressivism

Benedetto Croce ( 25 February 1866 – 20 November 1952) was an Italian idealist philosopher, historian and politician, who wrote on numerous topics, including philosophy, history, historiography and aesthetics. In most regards, Croce was a liberal, although he opposed laissez-faire free trade and had considerable influence on other Italian intellectuals, including both Marxist Antonio Gramsci and fascist Giovanni Gentile. Croce was President of PEN International, the worldwide writers' association, from 1949 until 1952. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature sixteen times. He is also noted for his "major contributions to the rebirth of Italian democracy."

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