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Benigno S. Aquino Jr.

QSC CLH
Ninoy Aquino 3.jpg
Senator of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1967 – September 23, 1972
Presidential Adviser on Defense Affairs
In office
1949–1954
Governor of Tarlac
In office
February 17, 1961 – December 30, 1967
Preceded by Arsenio Lugay
Succeeded by Eduardo Cojuangco Jr.
Vice Governor of Tarlac
In office
December 30, 1959 – February 15, 1961
Mayor of Concepcion, Tarlac
In office
December 30, 1955 – December 30, 1959
Personal details
Born
Benigno Simeon Aquino Jr.

November 27, 1932
Concepcion, Tarlac, Philippine Islands
Died August 21, 1983(1983-08-21) (aged 50)
Manila International Airport, Metro Manila, Philippines
Cause of death Assassination (Gunshot wounds to the head)
Resting place Manila Memorial Park – Sucat, Parañaque
Nationality Filipino
Political party Liberal (1959–1983)
LABAN (1978–1983)
Other political
affiliations
Nacionalista (1955–1959)
Spouse(s)
Relations See Aquino family
Children 5 (incl. Benigno III and Kris)
Parents Benigno Aquino Sr.
Alma mater University of the Philippines Diliman
Ateneo de Manila University
Occupation Politician
Profession Journalist
Signature

Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino Jr., QSC (November 27, 1932 – August 21, 1983) was a Filipino journalist and politician who served as a Senator of the Philippines (1967–1972) and governor of the province of Tarlac. He was the husband of Corazon Aquino—who, after his death, eventually became President of the Philippines—and father of a later President, Benigno Aquino III. Aquino, together with Gerardo Roxas and Jovito Salonga, helped form the leadership of the opposition towards then President Ferdinand Marcos. He was the aggressive leader who together with the intellectual leader Sen. Jose W. Diokno led the overall opposition.

Shortly after the imposition of martial law, Aquino was arrested in 1972 along with others associated with the New People's Army's armed insurgency and incarcerated for seven years. He founded his own party, Lakas ng Bayan and ran in the 1978 Philippine parliamentary election, but all the party's candidates lost in the election. In 1980, he was permitted by Marcos to travel to the United States for medical treatment following a heart attack. During the early 1980s he became one of the most notable critics of the Marcos regime, and enjoyed popularity across the US due to the numerous rallies he attended at the time.

As the situation in the Philippines worsened, Aquino decided to return to face Marcos and restore democracy in the country, despite numerous threats against it. He was assassinated at the Manila International Airport on August 21, 1983, upon returning from his self-imposed exile. His death revitalized opposition to Marcos; it also catapulted his widow, Corazon, into the political limelight and prompted her to successfully run for a six-year term as president as a member of the United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) party in the 1986 snap election.

Among other public structures, Manila International Airport has since been renamed Ninoy Aquino International Airport in his honor, and the anniversary of his death is a national holiday.

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