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President of the Philippines
Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Flag of the President of the Philippines.svg
Presidential Standard
Seal of the President of the Philippines.svg
Presidential Seal
President Rodrigo Duterte.jpg
Rodrigo Duterte

since June 30, 2016
Member of Cabinet
National Security Council
Residence Malacañan Palace
Seat Manila, Philippines
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length Six years;
Not renewable
Constituting instrument 1987 Constitution of the Philippines
Inaugural holder Emilio Aguinaldo
Manuel L. Quezon
(de jure)b
Formation January 23, 1899
November 15, 1935
(de jure)b
Deputy Vice President of the Philippines
Salary 399,739 per month / ₱4,796,868 per year

The President of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally known as Presidente ng Pilipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.

The President leads the executive branch of the Philippine government and is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The President is directly elected by the people, and is one of only two nationally elected executive officials, the other being the Vice President of the Philippines.

However, four vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having been elected to the office, such as by the death or resignation of an incumbent president.

Filipinos refer to their President as Pangulo or Presidente. The President serves a single, fixed, six-year term without possibility of re-election. On June 30, 2016, Rodrigo Duterte was sworn in as the 16th and current president.


Article 7, Section 2 of the Constitution reads that in order to be eligible for President the person must:

  • Be a natural-born citizen of the Philippines
  • A registered voter
  • Able to read and write
  • At least forty years of age on the day of the election
  • A resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately before the election


Living former presidents

As of January 2022, there are four living former Presidents:

Ramos Pentagon.jpg
Fidel V. Ramos
Served: 1992–1998
Age: 93
Joseph Estrada
Served: 1998–2001
Age: 84
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Served: 2001–2010
Age: 74
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
Benigno Aquino III
Served: 2010–2016
Age: 61
Rodrigo Duterte and his predecessors (Ramos, Estrada, Arroyo and Aquino III)
Incumbent President Rodrigo Roa Duterte (center) with (from left) former Presidents Joseph Ejercito Estrada, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Fidel V. Ramos, and Benigno S. Aquino III, before the start of a National Security Council meeting at the Malacañang Palace on July 27, 2016.

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