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Malacañang Palace (Cropped)
Malacañang Palace in Manila is the official residence of the President

Under the present Constitution of the Philippines, the president of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Pilipinas) is both the head of state and the head of government, and is the commander-in-chief of the country's armed forces.

Here is the list of the country's presidents.

Presidents

The colors indicate the political party affiliation of each individual.

Key
Party English name Abbreviation
Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas Association for Service to the New Philippines KALIBAPI
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan New Society Movement KBL
Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino Struggle of the Patriotic Filipino Masses LAMMP
Lakas ng Tao–Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino–Christian Muslim Democrats People Power–Partner of the Free Filipino–Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas–Kampi–CMD
Lakas ng Tao–National Union of Christian Democrats People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats Lakas–NUCD
Liberal Party Liberal
Nacionalista Party Nationalist Party Nacionalista
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power PDP–Laban
United Nationalist Democratic Organization UNIDO
Non-partisan N/A

Prior to the First Republic

The Spaniards colonized the Philippines as the Captaincy General of the Philippines. The Spanish monarchy was represented by the Governor-General from 1565 to 1898. Spain ceded all of its remaining possessions, including the Philippines, save for Cuba at the end of the Spanish–American War via the Treaty of Paris.

1899–1901: First Republic (Malolos Republic)

The First Philippine Republic was inaugurated on January 23, 1899 at Malolos, and ended on March 23, 1901 when President Emilio Aguinaldo was captured by the Americans at Palanan.

President of the First Philippine Republic (Malolos Republic)
No.
overall
No.
in era
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Prior office Took office Left office Party Term
Vice President Refs.
1 1 Emilio Aguinaldo Emilio Aguinaldo
1869–1964
(Lived: 94 years)
President of the
Revolutionary Government
(1898–1899)
23 Jan 1899 23 Mar 1901

Non-partisan (1899)
1
(1899)
None

The Americans had already begun controlling areas not controlled by the First Republic after the Spanish cession. The President of the United States is represented first by military governors, then by civilian Governors-General up to 1935.

1935–46: Commonwealth

The Commonwealth was inaugurated on November 15, 1935 at Manila, and ended upon independence on July 4, 1946.

Presidents of the Philippine Commonwealth
No.
overall
No.
in era
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Prior office Took office Left office Party Term
Vice President Refs.
2 1 Manuel L. Quezon Manuel L. Quezon
1878–1944
(Lived: 65 years)
Senator from the Fifth Senatorial District
and 1st President of the Senate
(1916–1935)
15 Nov 1935
1 Aug 1944

Nacionalista (1935)
2
(1935)
Sergio Osmeña


(1941)
3
(1941)
(1944)
4
2 Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña
1878–1961
(Lived: 83 years)
1st
Vice President of the Philippines

(1935–1944)
1 Aug 1944 28 May 1946

Nacionalista Vacant


5 3 Manuel Roxas Manuel Roxas
1892–1948
(Lived: 56 years)
Senator
and 2nd President of the Senate
(1945–1946)
28 May 1946 15 Apr 1948 Liberal
(1946)
5
(1946)
Elpidio Quirino

1943–45: Second Republic

The Second Republic was inaugurated on October 14, 1943 in Manila, and ended when President Jose P. Laurel dissolved the republic on August 17, 1945, in Tokyo.

President of the Second Philippine Republic
No.
overall
No.
in era
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Prior office Took office Left office Party Term
Vice President Refs.
3 1 José P. Laurel José P. Laurel
1891–1959
(Lived: 68 years)
10th & 17th
Minister of the Interior
(1922–1923 &
1942–1943)
14 Oct 1943
17 Aug 1945

KALIBAPI
(1943)
4
(1943)
None

1946–72: Third Republic

The Third Republic started when independence was granted by the Americans on July 4, 1946, and ended upon the imposition of martial law by President Ferdinand Marcos on September 21, 1972.

Presidents of the Third Philippine Republic
No.
overall
No.
in era
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Prior office Took office Left office Party Term
Vice President Refs.
5 1 Manuel Roxas Manuel Roxas
1892–1948
(Lived: 56 years)
Senator
and 2nd President of the Senate
(1945–1946)
28 May 1946 15 Apr 1948
Liberal
(1946)
5
(1946)
(1948)
Elpidio Quirino

Vacant
April 15–17, 1948
6 2 Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino
1890–1956
(Lived: 65 years)
2nd
Vice President of the Philippines

(1946–1948)
17 Apr 1948 30 Dec 1953
Liberal
Vacant

17 Apr 1948–30 Dec 1949



(1949)
6
(1949)
Fernando Lopez
30 Dec 1949–30 Dec 1953
7 3 Ramon Magsaysay Ramon Magsaysay
1907–1957
(Lived: 49 years)
7th
Secretary of National Defense
(1950–1953)
30 Dec 1953 17 Mar 1957
Nacionalista (1953)
7
(1953)
(1957)
Carlos P. Garcia

8 4 Carlos P. Garcia Carlos P. Garcia
1896–1971
(Lived: 74 years)
4th
Vice President of the Philippines

(1953–1957)
18 Mar 1957 30 Dec 1961
Nacionalista Vacant

18 Mar–
30 Dec 1957



(1957)
8
(1957)
Diosdado Macapagal
30 Dec 1957–30 Dec 1961
9 5 Diosdado Macapagal Diosdado Macapagal
1910–1997
(Lived: 86 years)
5th
Vice President of the Philippines

(1957–1961)
30 Dec 1961 30 Dec 1965
Liberal (1961)
9
(1961)
Emmanuel Pelaez

10 6 Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos
1917–1989
(Lived: 72 years)
Senator
(1959–1965)
and 11th President of the Senate
(1963–1965)
30 Dec 1965 25 Feb 1986

Nacionalista (1965)
10
(1965)
Fernando Lopez
30 Dec 1965–23 Sep 1972




(1969)
11


(1969)
None

23 Sep 1972–25 Feb 1986
KBL (1981)
12

(1981)

1972–87: Martial law and the Fourth Republic

President Ferdinand Marcos ruled by decree when he declared martial law on September 21, 1972. He inaugurated the "New Society" after a new constitution was ratified on January 17, 1973. He declared the Fourth Republic on January 17, 1981, after martial law was lifted.

Presidents of the Fourth Philippine Republic
No.
overall
No.
in era
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Prior office Took office Left office Party Term
Vice President Refs.
10 1 Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos
1917–1989
(Lived: 72 years)
Senator
(1959–1965)
and 11th President of the Senate
(1963–1965)
30 Dec 1965 25 Feb 1986

Nacionalista (1965)
10
(1965)
Fernando Lopez
30 Dec 1965–23 Sep 1972




(1969)
11


(1969)
None

23 Sep 1972–25 Feb 1986
KBL (1981)
12

(1981)
11 2 Corazon Aquino Corazon Aquino
1933–2009
(Lived: 76 years)
none
(No prior elected office)
25 Feb 1986
30 Jun 1992 UNIDO (1986)
13
(1986)
Salvador Laurel

1987–present: Fifth Republic

President Corazon Aquino inaugurated the Fifth Republic after the present constitution was ratified. The plebiscite took place on February 2, 1987.

Presidents of the Fifth Philippine Republic
No.
overall
No.
in era
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Prior office Took office Left office Party Term
Vice President Refs.
11 1 Corazon Aquino Corazon Aquino
1933–2009
(Lived: 76 years)
none
(No prior elected office)
25 Feb 1986
30 Jun 1992 UNIDO (1986)
13
(1986)
Salvador Laurel

12 2 Fidel Ramos Fidel Ramos
Born 1928
(92 years old)
18th
Secretary of National Defense
(1988–1991)
30 Jun 1992 30 Jun 1998 Lakas–NUCD (1992)
14
(1992)
Joseph Estrada

13 3 Joseph Estrada Joseph Estrada
Born 1937
(83 years old)
9th
Vice President of the Philippines

(1992–1998)
30 Jun 1998 20 Jan 2001

LAMMP (1998)
15
(1998)
(2001)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

14 4 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Born 1947
(73 years old)
10th
Vice President of the Philippines

(1998–2001)
20 Jan 2001 30 Jun 2010 Lakas–NUCD–UMDP
Lakas–CMD
Vacant

20 Jan
7 Feb 2001



Teofisto Guingona Jr.
7 Feb 2001–30 Jun 2004
Lakas–CMD
Lakas Kampi CMD
(2004)
16
(2004)
Noli de Castro

30 Jun 2004–30 Jun 2010
15 5 Benigno Aquino III Benigno Aquino III
Born 1960
(60 years old)
Senator
(2007–2010)
30 Jun 2010 30 Jun 2016 Liberal (2010)
17
(2010)
Jejomar Binay

16 6 Rodrigo Duterte Rodrigo Duterte
Born 1945
(75 years old)
Mayor of Davao City
(1988–1998;
2001–2010; &
2013–2016)
30 Jun 2016 Incumbent
(Term ends on June 30, 2022)
PDP–Laban (2016)
18
(2016)
Leni Robredo
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