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Big Pine Key, Florida facts for kids

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Big Pine Key, Florida
Location in Monroe County and the state of Florida
Location in Monroe County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing CDP boundaries
U.S. Census Bureau map showing CDP boundaries
Coordinates: 24°40′12″N 81°21′14″W / 24.67000°N 81.35389°W / 24.67000; -81.35389Coordinates: 24°40′12″N 81°21′14″W / 24.67000°N 81.35389°W / 24.67000; -81.35389
Country United States
State Florida
County Monroe
 • Total 10.31 sq mi (26.70 km2)
 • Land 10.20 sq mi (26.43 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
3 ft (1 m)
 • Total 4,521
 • Density 443.06/sq mi (171.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 305
FIPS code 12-06425

Big Pine Key is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Monroe County, Florida, United States, on an island of the same name in the Florida Keys. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,032.


U.S. 1 (or the Overseas Highway) crosses the key at mile markers 29.5—33, one of the few places on the Keys where the road orients north-south (along the eastern edge of the Key).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 25.8 km² (9.9 mi²), of which 25.3 km² (9.8 mi²) is land and 0.5 km² (0.2 mi²) (1.81%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2020 4,521
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, 5,032 people, 2,247 households, and 1,420 families resided in the CDP. The population density was 198.9/km2 (515.3/mi2). The 3,153 housing units averaged 124.6/km2 (322.9/mi2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.83% White, 1.09% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.72% of the population.

Of the 2,247 households, 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 6.8% were not families. About 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.63.

In the CDP, the population was distributed as 16.8% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 33.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $44,514, and for a family was $47,639. Males had a median income of $31,552 versus $28,021 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,169. About 5.6% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those aged 65 or over.

The Blue Hole

The Blue Hole is an abandoned rock quarry that was used for nearby road fills and Henry Flagler's Overseas Railroad. The water it contains is mostly fresh and is used by various wildlife in the area, such as birds, snakes, alligators and feral Green iguanas. It is part of the National Key Deer Refuge.

Key Deer

The island of Big Pine Key is home to the National Key Deer Refuge, this island is where the majority of the Key Deer population can be found.

As Key deer are endangered, many precautions have been taken to preserve as much Key Deer habitat as possible:

  • Signs are prominently placed along U.S. 1 (the Overseas Highway) to inform drivers that they are entering Key deer habitat, and warning them that feeding Key deer is prohibited
  • Approximately two miles of US 1 on the eastern end of Big Pine Key are elevated and fenced off to allow Key deer to pass under the road
  • The stretch of US 1 in Big Pine Key has a night-time speed limit of 35 miles per hour (as Key deer are most active at night) and the speed limits (45 MPH in the day) are "strictly enforced" according to signage

Photo gallery

View of a portion of the west side of the island as seen from the Overseas Highway
View of a portion of the west side of the island as seen from the Overseas Highway

In fiction

Big Pine Key is featured prominently in the 1966 spy novel Danger Key.

The protagonist of Carl Hiaasen's Bad Monkey lives on Big Pine Key.

The No Name Pub (with a fictionalized set of regulars) is featured in the novel Torpedo Juice by Tim Dorsey.

Big Pine Key is featured throughout BP Pryor's Tactical series of novels

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