Black people is a term that is used for a racial group of people with a dark skin color. The meaning of the word is mainly used for people of Sub-Saharan African descent. A meaning that also includes certain groups in Oceania and Southeast Asia.
Black people in the United Kingdom are called Black British. They make up 3.3% of the people in the UK.
During apartheid people in South Africa were classified into four main races: : Black, White, Asian (mostly Indian), and Coloured. Under apartheid black people were treated the mostly badly. Coloured people were treated slightly less badly. In South Africa Chinese people who lived there during apartheid are classed as black. About 80% of people in South Africa are Black African. The income of the average white South African household is six times as much as that of the average black South African household. 14% of black South Africans have HIV. 0.3% of Indians and whites do.
India and Pakistan
In the United States the one-drop rule is sometimes used to decide whether a person is black. This is one of the reasons that black people do not all have dark skin. For example, President Barack Obama is black because he has a black father. Black people can also have light skin because of illness. Michael Jackson, another American singer, was born with brown skin but his skin became light because of a disease called vitiligo. A black person may be called white by other black people if they do not associate themselves with black culture. White people may also be called black.
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