Blinman facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsBlinman
Blinman main street
1867 (Blinman North)
23 October 2003 (locality)
|610 m (2,001 ft)
|• Summer (DST)
|425 km (264 mi) north of Adelaide
|Pastoral Unincorporated Area
Blinman is a locality incorporating two towns located in the Australian state of South Australia within the Flinders Ranges about 425 kilometres (264 mi) north of the state capital of Adelaide. It is very small but has the claim of being the highest surveyed town in South Australia. It serves as a base for large acre pastoralists and tourism. The town is just north of the Flinders Ranges National Park, is 60 kilometres north of Wilpena Pound.
This land belonged to the Adnyamathanha tribe, of Indigenous Australians prior to colonisation. One of their unique customs was burn offs (controlled bushfires) to promote plant growth in the future seasons.
The first European settlement around the current Blinman, was firstly of Angorichina Station. This land was taken up for sheep farming in the 1850s. A shepherd employed by the station, Robert Blinman, discovered a copper outcrop on a hot December day in 1859. Blinman gambled some of his money on the presence of more underground copper and received a mineral application in 1860. On 1 January 1861, Blinman and three friends, Alfred Frost, Joe Mole and Henry Alfred, received the lease for the land that became Blinman.
Mining was successful in the first year and the mine became known as Wheal Blinman. The original four leaseholders sold their mine in February 1862, for about 150 times the purchase price. The new owners were the Yudnamutana Copper Mining Company of South Australia, who also owned a rich deposit north of Blinman. The mine was very successful during the 1860s and the site became permanent, with buildings being constructed and more miners moving to the area, some from the Burra mine. The hardest problems at the time were the transport of Ore and the finding of water. Over the next 20 years, railways were developed and wells were sunk at regular intervals making settlement easier.
Family life was hard in the early days. Both water and firewood had to be brought from long distances from the mine. This job was left to the women and their elder children while the men were working. Many pregnancies failed in the early years and there were several deaths reported from inflammation of the lungs. With the original tent settlement being very close to the mine, it was very hard to escape the fine dust generated. A hotel and post office were first opened in Blinman in 1863. In 1864, a government surveyor laid out 162 allotments about three km from the mine. This was named Blinman. The population was about 1,500 by 1868 and the first school opened that year. Decent shops in the main street developed in 1869. The striking of regular water in the mine the same year secured a regular water supply for the town.
Mining continued until 1918 when the ore ran out. The busiest time for the mine was 1913–1918 with a town population of 2,000. The total ore removed was about 10,000 tonnes.
Administrative area history
The locality of Blinman consists of land occupying the northern end of the cadastral unit of the Hundred of Carr and includes the government towns of Blinman and Blinman South which according to the official source, do "still exist" and which are located about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) apart along the Flinders Ranges Way.
The government town of Blinman was surveyed in January 1864 without an official government proclamation and was named after Robert Blinman. The government town of Blinman North was surveyed in July 1867 on nearby land and also was not the subject of an official proclamation. In 1986, the former Blinman was renamed Blinman South, and the former Blinman North was renamed Blinman.
In October 2003, the locality of Blinman was created, incorporating both towns within new boundaries. On 26 April 2013, additional land was added to the locality.
Blinman has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Blinman Dome Diapir
- Blinman Mine and Mine Manager's Cottage
- Mine Road Dwelling and Dugout
Tourists travel to this area to enjoy the Outback of South Australia and to see the ancient geology of the area. The town is close to Brachina Gorge and Parachilna Gorge. These two rarely have flowing water in them. Also nearby are the Blinman Pools. The town is a stop off on the way to Arkaroola. The copper mine at one end of the town is another attraction.
Land Rover Jamboree
This event was a meeting place for Land Rover enthusiasts from around Australia organized by the Land Rover Register of South Australia. In 2012 the event moved to Melrose South Australia.
In October 2023, the Jamboree is heading back to Blinman i for the first time in nearly 13 years. The event will also now be biennial, with 2023 being the first. There are competitions, tag-a-long tours and parties. Competitions include non timed trial course and 'Best of Breed' car judging.
Cook Out Back festival
Cook Out Back is a relaxed campfire cooking competition held over the Labour Day long weekend in October, involving a roast prepared using a camp oven on a bed of coals. The event attracts more than 500 people to the town, who camp throughout the area. As the biggest event on the town's calendar, it brings significant tourist income. Each team's cooking is usually judged by a group of local celebrities and there is $3,000 prize for the winning team. This event is run by the Blinman Hotel.
Blinman is located within the federal division of Grey, the state electoral district of Stuart and the Pastoral Unincorporated Area of South Australia. As of 2019, the community within Blinman received municipal services from a South Australian government agency, the Outback Communities Authority.
The Aboriginal Regional Authority for the Blinman area is the Adnyamathanha Traditional Lands Association.
Blinman Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.