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Borough of Princeton, New Jersey facts for kids

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Borough of Princeton, New Jersey
Borough
Census Bureau map of Borough of Princeton, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Borough of Princeton, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Mercer
Incorporated February 11, 1813
Disestablished January 1, 2013
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 1.843 sq mi (4.774 km2)
 • Land 1.843 sq mi (4.772 km2)
 • Water 0.000 sq mi (0.001 km2)  0.03%
Area rank 423rd of 566 in state
10th of 13 in county
Elevation
190 ft (58 m)
Population
 • Total 12,307
 • Rank 198th of 566 in state
10th of 13 in county
 • Density 6,679.2/sq mi (2,578.9/km2)
 • Density rank 70th of 566 in state
2nd of 13 in county
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code
08540, 08542
Area code(s) 609 and 640
FIPS code 3402160900
GNIS feature ID 0885361
Website http://www.princetonboro.org/

The Borough of Princeton was a borough until December 31, 2012, that is now one of the two former municipalities making up Princeton, New Jersey. It was located in Mercer County, New Jersey, and was completely surrounded by the former Princeton Township, from which it was formed in 1894. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough had a population of 12,307, reflecting a decline of 1,896 (-13.3%) from the 14,203 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,187 (+18.2%) from the 12,016 counted in the 1990 Census.

The Borough of Princeton was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 11, 1813, within portions of West Windsor Township (in what was then part of Middlesex County) and Montgomery Township (in Somerset County), and was reincorporated on November 27, 1822. The borough became part of the newly created Mercer County in 1838, and became a fully independent municipality circa 1894. Portions of territory were acquired from Princeton Township on January 4, 1928, and August 21, 1951. On November 8, 2011, voters in Princeton Borough voted to consolidate with Princeton Township.

Morven, the former residence of the Governor of New Jersey, is at 55 Stockton Street in the former borough, while the current residence is Drumthwacket in the former township.

Geography

Princeton borough was located at 40°21′02″N 74°39′34″W / 40.350461°N 74.659371°W / 40.350461; -74.659371 (40.350461,-74.659371). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.843 square miles (4.774 km2), all of which was land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,798
1880 3,209 14.7%
1890 3,422 6.6%
1900 3,899 13.9%
1910 5,136 31.7%
1920 5,917 15.2%
1930 6,992 18.2%
1940 7,719 10.4%
1950 12,230 58.4%
1960 11,890 −2.8%
1970 12,311 3.5%
1980 12,035 −2.2%
1990 12,016 −0.2%
2000 14,203 18.2%
2010 12,307 −13.3%
2011 (est.) 12,131 −1.4%
Population sources:
1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,307 people, 3,161 households, and 1,644 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,679.2 per square mile (2,578.9/km2). There were 3,488 housing units at an average density of 1,893.0 per square mile (730.9/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 72.07% (8,870) White, 6.44% (793) Black or African American, 0.18% (22) Native American, 13.51% (1,663) Asian, 0.16% (20) Pacific Islander, 4.13% (508) from other races, and 3.50% (431) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.30% (1,268) of the population.

There were 3,161 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.0% were non-families. 39.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 11.7% under the age of 18, 43.7% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22.9 years. For every 100 females there were 104.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 103.6 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $104,234 (with a margin of error of +/- $20,004) and the median family income was $148,295 (+/- $34,644). Males had a median income of $96,225 (+/- $29,348) versus $82,572 (+/- $28,930) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,566 (+/- $5,208). About 2.5% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 14,203 people, 3,326 households, and 1,692 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,686.3 people per square mile (2,964.2/km2). There were 3,495 housing units at an average density of 1,891.4 per square mile (729.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 80.26% White, 6.39% African American, 0.28% Native American, 7.46% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 2.50% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.10% of the population. Most of the Hispanic population consists of Mexican and Guatemalan immigrants.

There were 3,326 households, out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.1% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 10.1% under the age of 18, 40.9% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 12.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.8 males. The borough's unusually low median age and high concentration of 18- to 24-year-olds is influenced by Princeton University.

The median income for a household in the borough was $67,346, and the median income for a family was $102,957. Males had a median income of $60,341 versus $52,900 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,292. About 2.9% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Popular culture

Princeton is the setting for the fictional Princeton-Plainsboro Teaching Hospital in the TV series House

Sister city

Education

Colleges and universities

Two thirds of the buildings of Princeton University was located within the borough (the rest of Princeton University, aside from a small enclave and the Plasma Physics Laboratory in West Windsor Township and land in East Windsor Township, was in the township). However, the university owns more land in West Windsor than in the two Princeton municipalities combined.

Westminster Choir College (part of Rider University) and most of Princeton Theological Seminary were located in the borough.

The Institute for Advanced Study was in the township.

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

PrincetonHighSchool Front
Princeton High School

For grades K through 12, public school students attend the Princeton Regional Schools, a regional school district shared with Princeton Township that also serves students from Cranbury Township, as part of a sending/receiving relationship. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Community Park Elementary School (grades K-5, 321 students; located in Princeton Township), Johnson Park Elementary School (K-5, 372; Princeton Township), Littlebrook Elementary School (K-5, 335; Princeton Township), Riverside Elementary School (K-5, 276; Princeton Township), John Witherspoon Middle School (6-8, 664; Princeton Township) and Princeton High School (9-12, 1,420; Borough of Princeton).

All of the district's schools through eighth grade were in Princeton Township, with Community Park School being the closest primary school to the borough. The district's high school was located within the borough of Princeton.

The Princeton Charter School, located in the township, opened in September 1997 and serves students from the borough and township who are selected by lottery from among applicants.

Private schools

Private schools located in the borough include St. Paul School.

Public libraries

The Princeton Public Library, located in the borough, serves the borough and the township.

Notable people

  • Wendy Benchley (born 1941), marine and environmental conservation advocate and former Princeton Borough councilwoman who was the wife of author Peter Benchley.
  • Charles Browne (1875–1947), mayor of Princeton, New Jersey from 1914 to 1923 and represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district from 1923–1925.
  • John Popper, (born 1967), musician.
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