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Bounnhang Vorachit
ບຸນຍັງ ວໍລະຈິດ
Bounnhang Vorachith 2016 (cropped).jpg
Vorachit in 2016
General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party
In office
22 January 2016 – 15 January 2021
Deputy Phankham Viphavan
(Standing Member)
Preceded by Choummaly Sayasone
Succeeded by Thongloun Sisoulith
6th President of Laos
In office
20 April 2016 – 22 March 2021
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith
Vice President Phankham Viphavan
Preceded by Choummaly Sayasone
Succeeded by Thongloun Sisoulith
4th Vice President of Laos
In office
8 June 2006 – 20 April 2016
President Choummaly Sayasone
Preceded by Choummaly Sayasone
Succeeded by Phankham Viphavan
1st Standing Member of the LPRP Secretariat
In office
8 June 2006 – 21 January 2016
General Secretary Choummaly Sayasone
Preceded by Post established
Succeeded by Phankham Viphavanh
14th Prime Minister of Laos
In office
27 March 2001 – 8 June 2006
President Khamtai Siphandon
Preceded by Sisavath Keobounphanh
Succeeded by Bouasone Bouphavanh
Minister of Finance
In office
6 August 1999 – 27 March 2001
Prime Minister Sisavath Keobounphanh
Preceded by Khamphoui Keoboualapha
Succeeded by Soukanh Mahalath
Personal details
Born (1937-08-15) 15 August 1937 (age 86)
Savannakhet, French Protectorate of Laos
Political party Lao People's Revolutionary Party (1955–present)
Spouse Khammeung Vorachit
Military service
Allegiance Flag of Laos.svg Laos
Branch/service Emblem of Lao People's Army.svg LPAF
Rank 10.LPAF-COL.png Colonel

Bounnhang Vorachit (Lao: ບຸນຍັງ ວໍລະຈິດ; born 15 August 1937) is a Laotian politician. He was previously General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party and President of Laos from 2016 to 2021.

Early life

Bounnhang Vorachit joined the Pathet Lao resistance movement in 1951 and worked in the propaganda department of the armed forces in Savannakhet. In 1956, he was transferred to the fighting troops. He studied in Vietnam from 1958 to 1961, then returned to Laos to help prepare for the conquest of Luang Namtha Province. After the victory in Luang Namtha in 1962, he returned to Vietnam and studied at a military college.

In 1964, he returned to Laos and in 1969, became head of the organizing committee of the province Xieng Khuang. In 1972, he became Deputy Commander of the Northern Front in Luang Prabang Province. Here he also joined the coalition in 1974 and became party secretary of the defence forces of the neutral city Luang Prabang. In 1976 he became political leader of the armed forces of the northern half of the country. In 1978, he returned to Vietnam to study political theory. In 1981, he became political leader of the armed forces, and in the same year up to 1991, he also worked as Governor of Savannakhet Province until 1996, when he became Deputy Prime Minister.

Political career

Prior to becoming Prime Minister in 2001, he served as Deputy Prime Minister since 1996. In addition, he was from 1996 to 1999 Chairman of the Lao-Vietnamese Cooperation Committee and from 1999 to 2001 Minister of Finance. On 26 March 2001, he was elected Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) of Laos. On 8 June 2006, he was followed by the former 1st Deputy Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh in the office of Prime Minister. He himself became vice-president of the Democratic People's Republic of Laos on March 8, 2006 and thus deputy to Choummaly Sayasone.

Bounnhang's ties with Vietnam run deep. He underwent military training there and, after taking part in founding the Lao People's Democratic Republic in 1975, he studied socialist thought there.

He became Vice President on 8 June 2006, when Bouasone Bouphavanh was appointed as Prime Minister. At the 10th Congress of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, he was elected to succeed Choummaly Sayasone as General Secretary on 22 January 2016, effectively making him the leader of Laos. Bounnhang Vorachit is married to Khammeung Vorachit and is the father of three sons and two daughters. One of his daughters, Bounkham Vorachit, was elected to the 11th LPRP Central Committee.

At the 11th congress of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (2021), he stepped down as General Secretary in favor of Thongloun Sisoulith.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Bounnhang Vorachith para niños

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