Branchville, New Jersey facts for kids

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Branchville, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Branchville
Branchville, New Jersey.jpg
Map of Branchville in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Map of Branchville in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Branchville, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Branchville, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Sussex
Incorporated March 9, 1898
Named for Branch of Paulins Kill
Area
 • Total 0.600 sq mi (1.553 km2)
 • Land 0.593 sq mi (1.535 km2)
 • Water 0.007 sq mi (0.018 km2)  1.15%
Area rank 542nd of 566 in state
24th of 24 in county
Elevation 554 ft (169 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 841
 • Estimate (2015) 802
 • Rank 542nd of 566 in state
22nd of 24 in county
 • Density 1,419.2/sq mi (548.0/km2)
 • Density rank 340th of 566 in state
5th of 24 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07826, 07827, 07890
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3403707300
GNIS feature ID 885168
Website None
For the former name of the unincorporated community in Somerset County, see South Branch, New Jersey

Branchville is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 841, reflecting a decline of 4 (-0.5%) from the 845 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 6 (-0.7%) from the 851 counted in the 1990 Census. The borough is located in the northernmost region of Sussex County.

Branchville was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 9, 1898, from portions of Frankford Township. An additional portion of Frankford Township was annexed as of March 1, 1951. The borough was named for its site at a branch of the Paulins Kill.

History

Bv-pc-pm1917
Branchville Station of the Sussex Railroad in 1917

Branchville was established by settlers from Connecticut in the 18th century. It grew quickly and in the 1820s the town was divided into building lots. By the year 1844, it was a well-established community with 32 dwellings, mills, blacksmiths, an academy, a church and a variety of other factories and businesses.

The addition of two water-powered mills and a dam in 1855 furthered the town's prosperity. Energy would later be harnessed from this dam and a second one that was built to supply Branchville with electricity and its own power company.

Extension of rail service to Branchville in 1869 brought an even greater boon to the village's economic market growth. From 1869-1871 forty new homes were built. The railroad had made it possible to ship products from the local mills and creameries to larger urban areas to the east. With lake communities nearby the tourism was also spurred by the railroad. Up to six trains a day would bring people from the larger cities to enjoy a country vacation.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.600 square miles (1.553 km2), including 0.593 square miles (1.535 km2) of land and 0.007 square miles (0.018 km2) of water (1.15%).

Branchville is an independent municipality completely surrounded by Frankford Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Branchville has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Geology

Branchville is on the Ordovician Martinsburg Formation. This is a shale, slate, and limestone formation created 450 million years ago when a chain of volcanic islands collided with proto North America. The islands went over the North American Plate, creating the Highlands of Sussex County and the Kittatinny Valley. Millions of years of erosion occurred and there was a second event. About 400 million years ago a small continent that was long and thin, collided with proto North America creating folding and faulting. The Silurian Shawangunk conglomerate that was under a shallow sea, lifted due to pressure. The pressure created heat which melted the silica and bonded the quartz and conglomerate together, creating Kittatinny Mountain.

The Wisconsin Glacier covered all of Branchville from 21,000 BC to 13,000 BC, covering the top of Kittatinny Mountain. End moraines exist in Stokes State Forest, another just off Route 565 north of the Skylands Park and one about a mile south of Ross's Corner. An esker was created when the glacier retreated due to climate warming. Many ponds and lakes created. Culver Lake was created at this time, as the drainage became blocked. Branchville is drained by Culver's Lake Creek and Dry brook. Dry Creek starts at the Branchville Reservoir, travels south, enters into Culver's Creek in Branchville and eventually empties into the Paulinskill. There is a chain of hills between Dry Creek and Papakatin Creek. These hills are what separate the Paulinskill River drainage system from that of the Wallkill. The drainage divide is just north of Route 206 and the goes northwest toward Branchville Reservoir. Water near Route 206 or south of Route 206 drains into the Paulinskill. Water north of Route 206 drains into the Wallkill River.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 526
1910 663 26.0%
1920 588 −11.3%
1930 665 13.1%
1940 715 7.5%
1950 810 13.3%
1960 963 18.9%
1970 911 −5.4%
1980 870 −4.5%
1990 851 −2.2%
2000 845 −0.7%
2010 841 −0.5%
Est. 2015 802 −4.6%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 841 people, 364 households, and 220.9 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,419.2 per square mile (548.0/km2). There were 386 housing units at an average density of 651.4 per square mile (251.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.43% (811) White, 0.36% (3) Black or African American, 0.36% (3) Native American, 1.07% (9) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.48% (4) from other races, and 1.31% (11) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.92% (33) of the population.

There were 364 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.4 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $56,875 (with a margin of error of +/- $29,887) and the median family income was $84,643 (+/- $16,892). Males had a median income of $61,042 (+/- $20,432) versus $37,955 (+/- $6,402) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,851 (+/- $4,509). About 2.6% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 2.5% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 845 people, 354 households, and 225 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,421.6 people per square mile (553.0/km2). There were 377 housing units at an average density of 634.3 per square mile (246.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 100.00% White, 0.12% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

There were 354 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $45,855, and the median income for a family was $60,909. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $27,159 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,748. About 4.2% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of November 2014, the borough had a total of 6.30 miles (10.14 km) of roadways, of which 2.79 miles (4.49 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.36 miles (3.80 km) by Sussex County and 1.15 miles (1.85 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.


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