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Brenham, Texas
City
Location of Brenham, Texas
Location of Brenham, Texas
Country United States
State Texas
County Washington
Area
 • Total 8.8 sq mi (22.7 km2)
 • Land 8.8 sq mi (22.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 341 ft (104 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,716
 • Density 1,786/sq mi (692.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77833-77834
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-10156
GNIS feature ID 1331223
Old map-Brenham-1873
Map of the city 1873

Brenham (/ˈbrɛnəm/ BREN-um) is a city in east-central Texas in Washington County, United States, with a population of 15,716 according to the 2010 U.S. census. It is the county seat of Washington County. Brenham is south of College Station, and about halfway between Houston and Austin approximately 70 miles (110 km) northwest of Houston, and about 90 miles (140 km) east of Austin.

Brenham is renowned as the heart of the bluebonnet region in Central Texas. The local chamber of commerce promotes the Bluebonnet Trails and offers free maps to guide visitors along the most scenic wildflower routes, which also pass historic sites and attractions.

Washington County is known as the "Birthplace of Texas," as it contains the site of the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836 in the town of Washington-on-the-Brazos. This is now a state historic site.

Brenham is also known for its annual German heritage festival that takes place each May called Maifest, similar to Volksfest. Numerous German immigrants settled here in the mid-nineteenth century, following the Revolutions in German states in 1848.

Geography

Brenham is located at 30°9′43″N 96°23′49″W / 30.16194°N 96.39694°W / 30.16194; -96.39694 (30.161901, -96.397004).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.8 square miles (22.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

Brenham1web
Washington County Boys' Corn Club mounted and in parade, May 26, 1910
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 920
1870 2,221 141.4%
1880 4,101 84.6%
1890 5,209 27.0%
1900 5,968 14.6%
1910 4,718 −20.9%
1920 5,066 7.4%
1930 5,974 17.9%
1940 6,435 7.7%
1950 6,941 7.9%
1960 7,740 11.5%
1970 8,922 15.3%
1980 10,966 22.9%
1990 11,952 9.0%
2000 13,507 13.0%
2010 15,716 16.4%
Est. 2015 16,579 5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,507 people, 4,907 households, and 3,115 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,541.5 people per square mile (595.3/km²). There were 5,317 housing units at an average density of 606.8 per square mile (234.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.99% White, 21.91% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.75% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.25% of the population. There were 4,907 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,198, and the median income for a family was $41,486. Males had a median income of $31,133 versus $22,152 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,351. About 12.8% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 20.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Bluebonnet Cabs offers taxi service in and around the Brenham area.

BrenhamTXExxonStopSaveKBCTerminal
Stop N'Save, which had served as the terminal for Greyhound Lines-affiliated operations

Until 2009 Greyhound Lines offered bus services from the Stop N'Save at 601 East Main Street, but as of 2015 Brenham is not served by intercity bus. The population has increased steadily, but people have preferred to rely on their privately owned automobiles for transportation.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate System describes the weather as humid subtropical, and uses the abbreviation Cfa.

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