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Brookhaven, Mississippi
Brookhaven City Hall
Brookhaven City Hall
A Home Seekers' Paradise
Come Stay Awhile
Location of Brookhaven, Mississippi
Location of Brookhaven, Mississippi
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Lincoln
 • Total 7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)
 • Land 7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
489 ft (149 m)
 • Total 12,512
 • Density 1,345.6/sq mi (519.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-08820
GNIS feature ID 0667590

Brookhaven (pronounced locally: broo-KAY-vən) is a small city in Lincoln County, Mississippi, southwest from the state capital of Jackson. The population was 12,520 at the 2010 U.S. Census. It is the county seat of Lincoln County. It was named after the Town of Brookhaven, New York, by founder Samuel Jayne in 1818.


Brookhaven, Mississippi (1952)
South Railroad Avenue, 1952

Brookhaven is located in what was formerly Choctaw Indian territory. The city was founded in 1818 by Samuel Jayne from New York, who named it after the Town of Brookhaven on Long Island.

The railroad came though Brookhaven in 1858. It connected Brookhaven with New Orleans to the south and Memphis to the north.

During the Civil War, Brookhaven was briefly occupied at noon on 29 April 1863 by a raiding party of Union cavalry under the command of Colonel Benjamin Grierson. The Union force burned public buildings and destroyed the railroad. This was rebuilt after the war.

In 1936 Brookhaven was chosen to be the site of the Stahl-Urban garment plant.

In 1955, Lamar Smith, a U.S. civil rights figure, black farmer, World War I veteran and an organizer of black voter registration, was shot to death mid-day on the lawn of the county courthouse in Brookhaven.


According to the United States Bureau of the Census, (in the U.S. Department of Commerce), Brookhaven has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (19 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.27%) is water.

The size of the City of Brookhaven was expanded in late 2007 to almost triple its previous area, through a vote of annexation, to bring in suburban developments surrounding the older town and equalize taxing and services provided to the new metropolitan area.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 996
1870 1,614 62.0%
1880 1,615 0.1%
1890 2,142 32.6%
1900 2,678 25.0%
1910 5,293 97.6%
1920 4,706 −11.1%
1930 5,288 12.4%
1940 6,232 17.9%
1950 7,801 25.2%
1960 9,885 26.7%
1970 10,700 8.2%
1980 10,800 0.9%
1990 10,243 −5.2%
2000 9,861 −3.7%
2010 12,513 26.9%
Est. 2015 12,414 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of the United States Census of 2000, (before the additional territories annexed into the City in 2007, which would be reflected in more up-to-date census figures from the next United States Census of 2010), there were 9,861 people, 3,810 households, and 2,480 families residing in the City of Brookhaven. The population density was 1,345.6 people per square mile (519.4/km²). There were 4,240 housing units at an average density of 578.6 per square mile (223.3/km²). The racial makeup of the City was fairly evenly split with 47.55% White, 50.91% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 3,810 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the City, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 82.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the City was $24,632, and the median income for a family was $30,950. Males had a median income of $28,079 versus $20,047 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,695. About 23.3% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.8% of those under age 18 and 25.0% of those age 65 or over.


Temple B'nai Shalom, a temple/synagogue of Judaism is a rare example of Moorish Revival architecture and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places maintained by the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior.

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