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Brooks County, Texas facts for kids

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Brooks County
The Brooks County Courthouse in Falfurrias
The Brooks County Courthouse in Falfurrias
Map of Texas highlighting Brooks County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1911
Named for James Brooks
Seat Falfurrias
Largest city Falfurrias
 • Total 944 sq mi (2,440 km2)
 • Land 943 sq mi (2,440 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)  0.03%%
 • Total 7,076
 • Density 7.5/sq mi (2.9/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 15th

Brooks County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 7,076. Its county seat is Falfurrias. The county is named for James Abijah Brooks, a Texas Ranger and legislator. It is one of the poorest counties in Texas. Much of it is large ranches: part of the King Ranch occupies the eastern portion of the county; the Mariposa Ranch is the largest on the county's west side. About 91% of the county's population is Latino.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 944 square miles (2,440 km2), of which 943 square miles (2,440 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.03%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
    • I-69C.svg The future route of Interstate 69C is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 281 in most places.
  • Texas 285.svg State Highway 285
  • Texas FM 755.svg Farm to Market Road 755

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 4,560
1930 5,901 29.4%
1940 6,362 7.8%
1950 9,195 44.5%
1960 8,609 −6.4%
1970 8,005 −7.0%
1980 8,428 5.3%
1990 8,204 −2.7%
2000 7,976 −2.8%
2010 7,223 −9.4%
2020 7,076 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2020

As of the 2010 United States Census, 7,223 people were living in the county; 89.6% were White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 7.9% of some other race, and 1.4% of two or more races. About 91.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, 7,976 people, 2,711 households, and 2,079 families were residing in the county. The population density was 8 inhabitants per square mile (3.1/km2). The 3,203 housing units averaged 3/sq mi (1.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.84% White, 0.19% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 21.58% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. About 91.57% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 2,711 households, 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 19.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.30% were not families. About 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92, and the average family size was 3.38.

In the county, the age distribution was 31.60% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 23.40% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,622, and for a family was $22,473. Males had a median income of $23,051 versus $16,103 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,234. About 36.90% of families and 40.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.70% of those under age 18 and 30.40% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Unincorporated community


Brooks County Independent School District is the local K-12 school district.

Coastal Bend College (formerly Bee County College) is the designated community college for the county.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Brooks (Texas) para niños

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