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Burlington, Kansas
Burlington Carnegie Library (2016)
Burlington Carnegie Library (2016)
Location within Coffey County and Kansas
Location within Coffey County and Kansas
KDOT map of Coffey County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Coffey
Founded 1857
Incorporated 1870
Named for Burlington, Vermont
 • Total 2.23 sq mi (5.76 km2)
 • Land 2.21 sq mi (5.72 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
1,033 ft (315 m)
 • Total 2,674
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,151.72/sq mi (444.59/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-09400
GNIS ID 477861

Burlington is a city in and the county seat of Coffey County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,674.


Burlington was founded in 1857. It was named after Burlington, Vermont, the native home of one of its founders.

The first post office in Burlington was established in 1858, when it was removed from the now extinct town of Hampden.


Burlington is located at 38°11′40″N 95°44′44″W / 38.19444°N 95.74556°W / 38.19444; -95.74556 (38.194420, -95.745532). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.21 square miles (5.72 km2), of which 2.20 square miles (5.70 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Burlington has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 118
1870 960 713.6%
1880 2,011 109.5%
1890 2,239 11.3%
1900 2,418 8.0%
1910 2,180 −9.8%
1920 2,236 2.6%
1930 2,273 1.7%
1940 2,379 4.7%
1950 2,304 −3.2%
1960 2,113 −8.3%
1970 2,099 −0.7%
1980 2,901 38.2%
1990 2,735 −5.7%
2000 2,790 2.0%
2010 2,674 −4.2%
2019 (est.) 2,543 −4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
Burlington, Kansas Welcome Sign
Welcome sign on north side of Burlington (2013)

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,674 people, 1,138 households, and 699 families living in the city. The population density was 1,215.5 inhabitants per square mile (469.3/km2). There were 1,296 housing units at an average density of 589.1 per square mile (227.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 1.0% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 1,138 households, of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.6% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 41.1 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

Wolf Creek

Located just northeast of Burlington is the Wolf Creek Generating Station, the only nuclear power plant in Kansas. This plant is situated on Coffey County Lake, which was constructed as the cooling lake for the plant. The plant has been generating electricity since 1985, and is a local landmark. Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation ("WCNOC") operates the plant, and is a subsidiary of the plant's owners, Kansas Gas & Electric (part of Westar), Kansas City Power & Light (part of Great Plains Energy), and KEPCO (an association of Kansas electric power cooperatives).


The community is served by Burlington USD 244 public school district, and has three schools: Burlington High School, Burlington Middle School, Burlington Elementary School.

Allen County Community College offers classes at Burlington High School, both for adults and for high school students who may earn concurrent credits.

Burlington is home to the Burlington Carnegie Free Library, although the building no longer houses a library and is now used as an office space. The Burlington branch of the Coffey County Library meets the community's information needs.

Notable people

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