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Buzzard facts for kids

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Buteo rufofuscus -Itala Game Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa -flying-6
Jackal buzzard

A buzzard in biology is a member of the genus Buteo. In general talk it may be one of several large birds.

Old World

In the Old World buzzard can mean:

  • One of several medium-sized, wide-ranging raptors with a robust body and broad wings.
  • In particular, those in the genus Buteo. In the Old World, members of this genus are called "buzzards", but "hawk" may be more common in North America.
  • Specifically, in Europe, the common buzzard is Buteo buteo. Most people call this bird a 'buzzard'.
  • Any other raptor with the word buzzard as part of its name.

New World

In the New World 'buzzard' may mean:

  • A vulture. Mostly the American black vulture and turkey vulture. It may be used as a general name for vultures.
  • In parts of the United States where they are thought to be a pest, the name is used in a bad way to mean a bird of prey. Mostly it is used for the Cooper's hawk, the sharp-shinned hawk the red-tailed hawk or the duck hawk.

Buteo species

Scientifically, these are all buzzards.

  • Common buzzard (Buteo buteo)
  • Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
  • Long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus)
  • Rough-legged buzzard (Buteo lagopus)
  • Ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis)
  • Red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus)
  • Broad-winged hawk (Buteo platypterus )
  • Swainson's hawk (Buteo swainsoni)
  • Roadside hawk (Buteo magnirostris)
  • Ridgway's hawk (Buteo ridgwayi)
  • White-rumped hawk (Buteo leucorrhous)
  • Short-tailed hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
  • White-throated hawk (Buteo albigula)
  • White-tailed hawk (Buteo albicaudatus)
  • Gal├ípagos hawk (Buteo galapagoensis)
  • Red-backed hawk (Buteo polyosoma)
  • Puna hawk (Buteo poecilochrous)
  • Gray hawk (Buteo nitidus)
  • Zone-tailed hawk (Buteo albonotatus )
  • Hawaiian hawk (Buteo solitarius)
  • Rufous-tailed hawk (Buteo ventralis)
  • Mountain buzzard (Buteo oreophilus)
  • Madagascar buzzard (Buteo brachypterus)
  • Upland buzzard (Buteo hemilasius)
  • Red-necked buzzard (Buteo auguralis)
  • Augur buzzard, Buteo augur
  • Archer's buzzard, Buteo archeri
  • Jackal buzzard (Buteo rufofuscus)

Other species known as "buzzard"

  • Black-breasted buzzard (Hamirostra melanosternon)
  • Lizard buzzard (Kaupifalco monogrammicus)
  • Grasshopper buzzard (Butastur rufipennis)
  • White-eyed buzzard (Butastur teesa)
  • Rufous-winged buzzard (Butastur liventer)
  • Grey-faced buzzard (Butastur indicus)
  • Black-chested buzzard-eagle (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)
  • The honey-buzzards, genus Pernis, look something like Buteo buzzards. They feed on wasp nests and larvae.
    • European or Eurasian Honey buzzard (Pernis apivorus)
    • Oriental honey buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus)
    • Barred honey-buzzard (Pernis celebensis)
  • Other genus of honey buzzards
    • Black honey buzzard (Henicopernis infuscatus)
    • Long-tailed honey buzzard (Henicopernis longicauda)
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