California Junction, Iowa facts for kids

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California Junction, Iowa
Unincorporated community
Location of Iowa in the United States
Location of Iowa in the United States
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Harrison
Township Cincinnati
Founded September 9, 1880
Founded by Missouri Valley Land Company
Area
 • Total 0.461 sq mi (1.19 km2)
 • Land 0.461 sq mi (1.19 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,007 ft (307 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 85
 • Density 184.38/sq mi (71.19/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51555
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-09910
GNIS feature ID 455054

California Junction is an unincorporated community in Harrison County, Iowa, United States. It lies just east of the junction between the east-west and north-south lines of the former Sioux City and Pacific Railroad. In the 2010 census it had a population of 85 inhabitants and a population density of 184.38 people per square mile (71.19/km²).

Geography

California Junction is located at coordinates 41°33′31″N 95°59′41″W / 41.55861°N 95.99472°W / 41.55861; -95.99472. According to the United States Census Bureau, California Junction has a total area of 0.461 square miles (1.19 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the 2010 census, there were 85 people, 32 households, and 26 families residing in the town. The population density was 184.38 people per square mile (71.19/km²). There were 34 housing units at an average density of 73.75 per square mile (28.57/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.82% White and 1.18% from two or more races. Of the total population, 4.7% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

History

The town of California Junction traces its origins to the Yazoo post office and the ill-fated towns of Cincinnati and Parrish City, which were founded in Cincinnati township during the later half of the 1850s. Yazoo Landing was a ferry crossing on the Missouri River where the Blair Bridge now stands. The present settlement was established in 1880, after the Sioux City and Pacific Railroad was built. John I. Blair, the railroad tycoon, believed that this would be an important hub for passengers heading west, and gave the town its current name. In 1883, the name of the town was changed to "California" to avoid confusion with Columbia Junction; it retained this name as of 1915.

In 1879, California Junction had a population of 200 people. In 1903, the California Grain and Lumber Company was organized in California Junction. By 1915, there was also a town hall, high school, general store, blacksmith shop, post office, two churches, and a train station. A grain elevator is still operated at California Junction by the United Western Coop.

On January 1, 1922, a 1460-foot deep well was drilled at the nearby oil prospect of Hugh R. Coulthard, a prominent landowner, businessman, and farmer from California Junction. No oil was obtained from the site, but the capped well leaks water to this day. A marshy area surrounding the well remains as a local landmark, which is visible about 160 yards north of town on Fremont Ave., about 30 yards west of the roadway.


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