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Canehill, Arkansas
Main façade of the Canehill Post Office
Main façade of the Canehill Post Office
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Coordinates: 35°54′31″N 94°23′48″W / 35.90861°N 94.39667°W / 35.90861; -94.39667Coordinates: 35°54′31″N 94°23′48″W / 35.90861°N 94.39667°W / 35.90861; -94.39667
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
County Washington
Township Cane Hill
Established 1839
402 m (1,319 ft)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Zip code
Area code(s) 479
GNIS feature ID 76520

Canehill (also known as Cane Hill and Boonsboro) is an unincorporated community in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located in the Ozark Mountains on the outskirts of the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan area. One of the most historic communities in the state, Canehill contains seventeen listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The Cane Hill College began operations in 1834, which led to the rapid growth and development of the community as a center of higher education. The college and community suffered during the American Civil War, and was bypassed by the railroad, which chose a route through Lincoln. Recently, restoration and preservation of many historic buildings has been undertaken by a nonprofit organization, Historic Cane Hill Inc.


The post office at Canehill is located at 35°54′32″N 94°23′49″W / 35.90889°N 94.39694°W / 35.90889; -94.39694 (35.910992, -94.3862) and is 1319 feet above sea level.


Cane Hill College Building
Only one Cane Hill College building remains today.

In 1834, the Cumberland Presbyterians established the first collegiate learning institute in Arkansas, naming it the Cane Hill School, after a nearby geological feature. The current Post Office was opened in 1839 and was originally unnamed. In 1843, it was named Boonsboro, and the town maintained this name throughout the American Civil War. The year of 1862 brought the Battle of Cane Hill, named after the most prominent geological feature in the area. In 1897, the Cumberland Presbyterian Church considered Cane Hill College as the starting point for their "state" college. However, due to the nearby competition from Arkansas Industrial University, the decline of Cane Hill as a population center and its remote location, the Synod decided to open Arkansas Cumberland College in Clarksville, Arkansas, a more centralized location. In 1891, Cane Hill College closed its doors permanently. In 1901, the community's name was changed to the current usage, that of Canehill.


Early settlers were attracted to the area by natural springs, which were used in agricultural operations. The community served as a trading post and regional center for apple orchards to sell crops to merchants from Fort Smith. The locals also produced and sold sorghum, a tradition continuing today at the annual harvest festival.


The community is served by the Lincoln Consolidated School District. Lincoln High School is its sole high school.

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