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Canfield, Ohio
Canfield - Welcome.jpg
Location of Canfield, Ohio
Location of Canfield, Ohio
Location of Canfield in Mahoning County
Location of Canfield in Mahoning County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Mahoning
Area
 • Total 4.61 sq mi (11.94 km2)
 • Land 4.58 sq mi (11.86 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
1,145 ft (349 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 7,515
 • Estimate 
(2012)
7,434
 • Density 1,640.8/sq mi (633.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44406
Area code(s) 330
FIPS code 39-11360
GNIS feature ID 1038796
Website http://www.ci.canfield.oh.us/

Canfield is a suburban city located in Mahoning County, Ohio, United States, at the intersection of U.S. Route 224 and State Route 46/U.S. Route 62, about ten miles southwest of Youngstown. The population was 7,515 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2005 Canfield was rated the 82nd best place to live in the United States by Money magazine.

History

The village was named after Judson Canfield, a land agent. Canfield was incorporated as a village in 1849.

In 1992, Canfield city residents, although surrounded completely by Canfield Township, voted to secede from the township. This motion created two separate governmental entities — one a municipality, the other a township, which continue to operate together in many respects. An example of this is mutual fire protection service, communications with each other with respect to roads and highways, and the physical assets of both (schools, parks, etc.).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.61 square miles (11.94 km2), of which 4.58 square miles (11.86 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 527
1860 649 23.1%
1870 640 −1.4%
1880 650 1.6%
1890 675 3.8%
1900 672 −0.4%
1910 685 1.9%
1920 806 17.7%
1930 1,015 25.9%
1940 1,141 12.4%
1950 1,465 28.4%
1960 3,252 122.0%
1970 4,997 53.7%
1980 5,535 10.8%
1990 5,409 −2.3%
2000 7,374 36.3%
2010 7,515 1.9%
Est. 2015 7,355 −2.1%
Sources:

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,515 people, 3,073 households, and 2,196 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,640.8 inhabitants per square mile (633.5/km2). There were 3,306 housing units at an average density of 721.8 per square mile (278.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 3,073 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.5% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 45.8 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,374 people, 2,917 households, and 2,143 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,588.1 people per square mile (613.6/km²). There were 3,043 housing units at an average density of 655.4 per square mile (253.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.27% White, 1.29% Asian, 0.45% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 2,917 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.0% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $59,434 and the median income for a family was $71,484. Males had a median income of $35,346 versus $20,493 for females. The per capita income for the city is $31,756. About 2.1% of the families and 3.2% of the population live below the poverty line. Including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those 65 years of age or older.

Culture

Canfield is a suburb of Youngstown, with strict zoning regulations that prohibit large signage and overgrown lawns. Some consider it to be the most affluent suburb of Youngstown. A tree-lined "Village Green" sits at the heart of the New England-style village, which resembles many communities established in the days of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The town center is a venue for a wide range of community activities.

Canfield Southern Green - Gazebo
Gazebo in Canfield's central square

Canfield continues to grow: new housing developments have been built throughout the city and adjacent Canfield Township, providing a stark contrast to the homes and buildings in the central city, much of which are well over a century old (Canfield was Mahoning County's original seat before it was moved to Youngstown in 1876). While the growth is embraced by the city, it is also gobbling up the family farms and bucolic countryside that the village was once known for.

The Canfield Fairgrounds have existed at their present location on State Route 46 in Canfield since 1851. Every year in late August/early September for six days the Canfield Fair ("Ohio's Largest Fair") takes place at the Canfield Fairgrounds.

Canfield is served by a branch of the Public Library of Youngstown and Mahoning County.

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