Cape Race Lighthouse facts for kids
|The second Cape Race Lighthouse from 1907|
Newfoundland and Labrador
|Year first constructed||1856 (first) relocated in 1980 to Ottawa at Canada Science and Technology Museum|
|Year first lit||1907 (current)|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||white tower, red lantern|
|Height||29 metres (95 ft)|
|Focal height||52 metres (171 ft)|
|Original lens||Hyperradiant Fresnel lens by Chance Brothers|
|Range||24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 7.5s|
|Fog signal||Horn (2) 60s|
|CHS number||CCG 1|
Cape Race Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located at Cape Race on the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland. The light's characteristic is a single white flash every 7.5 seconds, additionally a foghorn may sound a signal of two blasts every 60 seconds. It is located on one of Canada's busiest shipping lanes. The lighthouse is also a tourist attraction.
In 1856, the first lighthouse was installed by the British Government's Trinity House. It was a cast iron tower with a coal oil lamp turned by clockwork. In 1872 the lighthouse keeper was Patrick Myrick; members of his family continued to operate the lighthouse for more than 100 years. In 1886 responsibility for operation of the lighthouse was transferred to the Dominion of Canada.
In 1904 the Marconi Company set up a wireless radio station at the lighthouse. The cast iron tower was replaced in 1907 by a 29-metre (95 ft) tall concrete tower and a light with a massive hyperradiant Fresnel lens made by Chance Brothers in England. Its optic emitted a one million candle power flash. Great landfall lights like those at Cape Race provided the first sight of land for Atlantic travelers.
The Cape Race Lighthouse was in the news in April 1912, when it received the Titanic distress call, an unusual event for radio technology of the era.
The lighthouse was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1975.
In 2006, David Myrick, with help from Noel and Liam Myrick - part of a lineage of Myrick lighthouse keepers at Cape Race, contributed wood from the cabinet housing the motor driving the Fresnel to the Six String Nation project. Part of this material serves as the heel brace at the joint of the neck and body of Voyageur, the guitar at the heart of the project.
As of 2020, the current lighthouse keeper is Clifford Doran.
Cape Race Lighthouse Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.