kids encyclopedia robot

Cape Race Lighthouse facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Cape Race Lighthouse
Cape Race Light.jpg
The second Cape Race Lighthouse from 1907

Newfoundland

Location Avalon Peninsula
Newfoundland and Labrador
Canada
Coordinates 46°39′31.2″N 53°04′25.6″W / 46.658667°N 53.073778°W / 46.658667; -53.073778Coordinates: 46°39′31.2″N 53°04′25.6″W / 46.658667°N 53.073778°W / 46.658667; -53.073778
Year first constructed 1856 (first) relocated in 1980 to Ottawa at Canada Science and Technology Museum
Year first lit 1907 (current)
Construction concrete tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, red lantern
Height 29 metres (95 ft)
Focal height 52 metres (171 ft)
Original lens Hyperradiant Fresnel lens by Chance Brothers
Range 24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 7.5s
Fog signal Horn (2) 60s
Admiralty number H0444
CHS number CCG 1
NGA number 1904
ARLHS number CAN-118

Cape Race Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located at Cape Race on the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland. The light's characteristic is a single white flash every 7.5 seconds, additionally a foghorn may sound a signal of two blasts every 60 seconds. It is located on one of Canada's busiest shipping lanes. The lighthouse is also a tourist attraction.

History

In 1856, the first lighthouse was installed by the British Government's Trinity House. It was a cast iron tower with a coal oil lamp turned by clockwork. In 1872 the lighthouse keeper was Patrick Myrick; members of his family continued to operate the lighthouse for more than 100 years. In 1886 responsibility for operation of the lighthouse was transferred to the Dominion of Canada.

In 1904 the Marconi Company set up a wireless radio station at the lighthouse. The cast iron tower was replaced in 1907 by a 29-metre (95 ft) tall concrete tower and a light with a massive hyperradiant Fresnel lens made by Chance Brothers in England. Its optic emitted a one million candle power flash. Great landfall lights like those at Cape Race provided the first sight of land for Atlantic travelers.

After the new tower was built, the original lighthouse was moved to Cape North; it now stands in front of the National Science and Technology Museum in Ottawa.

The Cape Race Lighthouse was in the news in April 1912, when it received the Titanic distress call, an unusual event for radio technology of the era.

The lighthouse was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1975.

In 2006, David Myrick, with help from Noel and Liam Myrick - part of a lineage of Myrick lighthouse keepers at Cape Race, contributed wood from the cabinet housing the motor driving the Fresnel to the Six String Nation project. Part of this material serves as the heel brace at the joint of the neck and body of Voyageur, the guitar at the heart of the project.

As of 2020, the current lighthouse keeper is Clifford Doran.

kids search engine
Cape Race Lighthouse Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.