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Carol Gilligan
Carol Gilligan and James Gilligan in 2011
Carol Gilligan and James Gilligan in 2011
Born November 28, 1936 (1936-11-28) (ageĀ 84)
Occupation Professor
Nationality American
Subject Psychology, ethics, feminism
Notable works In a Different Voice
Spouse James Gilligan
Children Chris Gilligan, Tim Gilligan, Jonathan M. Gilligan

Carol Gilligan ( born November 28, 1936) is an American feminist, ethicist, and psychologist best known for her work on ethical community and ethical relationships and certain subject-object problems in ethics.

Gilligan is a professor of Humanities and Applied Psychology at New York University and was a visiting professor at the Centre for Gender Studies and Jesus College at the University of Cambridge until 2009. She is known for her book In a Different Voice (1982). Her criticism of Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development revolutionized moral psychology and rendered Kohlberg's work obsolete. Her work has been credited with inspiring the passage of the 1993 Gender Equity in Education Act.

In 1996, Time magazine listed her among America's 25 most influential people. She is considered the originator of the ethics of care.

Honorary Degrees

Gilligan has received the following honorary degrees:

  • Regis College, 1983
  • Swarthmore College, 1985
  • Haverford College, 1987
  • Fitchburg State College, 1989
  • Wesleyan University, 1992
  • Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology, 1996
  • Northeastern University, 1997
  • Smith College, 1999
  • University of Haifa, 2006
  • John Jay College, 2006
  • Mount Holyoke, 2008
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