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Centreville, Maryland facts for kids

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Centreville, Maryland
Queen Anne's County courthouse
Queen Anne's County courthouse
Location in Queen Anne's County and the state of Maryland
Location in Queen Anne's County and the state of Maryland
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Country United States
State Maryland
County Queen Anne's
Incorporated 1794
 • Total 2.74 sq mi (7.09 km2)
 • Land 2.74 sq mi (7.09 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
49 ft (15 m)
 • Total 4,727
 • Density 1,727.07/sq mi (666.74/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code 410
FIPS code 24-14950
GNIS feature ID 0597212

Centreville is an incorporated town in Queen Anne's County, Maryland, United States on the Delmarva Peninsula. Incorporated in 1794, it is the county seat of Queen Anne's County. The population was 4,285 at the 2010 census. The ZIP code is 21617 and the area codes are 410 and 443. The primary local telephone exchange is 758. It hosts the Queen Anne's County Fair each summer and was home to three franchises during the existence of the Eastern Shore Baseball League—the Colts, Red Sox, and Orioles.


Centreville is located at 39°2′46″N 76°3′52″W / 39.04611°N 76.06444°W / 39.04611; -76.06444 (39.046206, -76.064345).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.45 square miles (6.35 km2), all land.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Centreville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 915
1880 1,196 30.7%
1890 1,309 9.4%
1900 1,231 −6.0%
1910 1,435 16.6%
1920 1,765 23.0%
1930 1,291 −26.9%
1940 1,141 −11.6%
1950 1,804 58.1%
1960 1,863 3.3%
1970 1,853 −0.5%
1980 2,018 8.9%
1990 2,097 3.9%
2000 1,970 −6.1%
2010 4,285 117.5%
2020 4,727 10.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,285 people, 1,568 households, and 1,102 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,749.0 inhabitants per square mile (675.3/km2). There were 1,694 housing units at an average density of 691.4 per square mile (267.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 85.0% White, 10.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 1,568 households, of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.7% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the town was 39.5 years. 27.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 17.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.


The origin of Centreville's name is a seemingly simple one. The town's official website provides some insight on its derivation. "In 1782, an Act of the Assembly authorized the removal of the county seat from Queenstown, Maryland to a more central part of the county.

However, there is a little more to the story. Saint Paul's Parish was established on the site that would later become known as Centreville, Maryland. It was almost 100 years later, in 1782, that the Maryland State Assembly passed an Act to relocate both the courthouse and all government functions of the county to Centreville from Queenstown, making Centreville the new county seat.

However, it took a decade for the appropriate land to be acquired and for the change to take place. A plantation called Chesterfield was chosen as the land to use for the new town which would hold the county's courthouse. Once the town and court house were completed, on the first of June 1796, the county court, "ordered [the courthouse] to be ‘taken, held and deemed to be the proper Court House of Queen Anne's County’".

In 1782, the Queen Anne's county courthouse was moved from its original location in Queenstown, Maryland to an area that would, twelve years later, be named Centreville. The building's location, at the head of the Corsica River, encouraged population growth in the area.

Centreville became an incorporated town in 1794, two years after the courthouse was completed. At the same time, the town laid out, including four streets that remain today: MD 213, S. Liberty St., N. Commerce St., Water St. (MD 304).

Once Centreville was officially home to Queen Anne's county government, lawmakers and officials decided it was appropriate to name the new town in accordance with the new location. Centreville (named partly due to the town's central location) was also chosen because of its prime location on the Corsica River. Easy access to shipping, trading, and naval waters allowed the town to flourish and to become an important Maryland location.

Today, Centreville is the largest town in Queen Anne's county, with a population of 2,097. Many residents of the town work in some capacity to supply public officials and farmers with the resources necessary to maintain Centreville's economy and preserve its place as a place in Maryland. The Maryland Municipal League's Website, "The Association of Cities and Towns", notes that Centreville's, "[h]istory is reflected in the diverse architecture seen along the streets of the town—elegant Victorian homes with their wrap-around porches, neo-classical public buildings, late-19th-century commercial rows, late-20th-century institutional and government structures, and all the variations and curiosities in between".

Much of the town was added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Centreville Historic District in 2004.

In addition to the Centreville Historic District, Bachelor's Hope, Captain's Houses, Centreville Armory, Jackson Collins House, Content, Female Seminary, Keating House, Lansdowne, Lexon, Capt. John H. Ozmon Store, Readbourne, Reed's Creek Farm, and Stratton are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

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