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Charles Dudley Rhodes
Charles Dudley Rhodes 2.jpg
Colonel Charles D. Rhodes, 1922
Nickname(s) Teddy
Born (1865-02-10)February 10, 1865
Delaware, Ohio
Died January 24, 1948(1948-01-24) (aged 82)
Washington, DC
Place of burial
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1889–1929
Rank Major General
Commands held Mounted Service School
79th Field Artillery Regiment
157th Artillery Brigade
42nd Infantry Division
34th Infantry Division
Battles/wars Indian Wars
China Relief Expedition
Spanish–American War
World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star
Order of the Bath
Legion of Honor
Other work Author, lecturer

Charles Dudley Rhodes (February 10, 1865 – January 24, 1948) was a United States Army Major General. He was a prominent commander of cavalry units from the Indian Wars through World War I, and was a lecturer and author.

Early life

The son of Major Dudley Woodbridge Rhodes and Marcia Parrish, Charles D. Rhodes was nicknamed "Teddy". He was born in Delaware, Ohio on February 10, 1865, and graduated from Columbian University (now George Washington University) in 1885. In 1889 he graduated from the United States Military Academy, receiving a commission as a Second Lieutenant of cavalry.

Early military career

Rhodes served in the 6th Cavalry Regiment during the final US Army campaign against the Sioux.

Rhodes' post-Indian Wars assignments included professor of military science at Ohio Wesleyan University and commander of a cavalry troop during the China Relief Expedition.

Spanish–American War

Rhodes served with the 6th Cavalry Regiment in the Philippines during the Spanish–American War. He received the Distinguished Service Cross for heroism at Cavite on the island of Luzon.

Post Spanish–American War

Rhodes graduated from the Command and General Staff College in 1908.

In 1911, Rhodes was an umpire at the mounted exercise conducted by the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.

Later in 1911, Rhodes and Paul Y. Malone took part in a confidential mission, traveling to Mexico disguised as journalists to assess the likelihood that Francisco I. Madero could remain in power if he won the presidency in the 1912 election.

During the 1912 Connecticut Maneuvers, Rhodes served as assistant chief of staff for the Red Division.

In 1913 Rhodes was assigned as adjutant of the Cavalry Camp of Instruction at Fort Riley, Kansas, and from 1914 to 1917 Rhodes served as commandant of Fort Riley's Mounted Service School.

From June to December, Rhodes commanded the 21st Cavalry Regiment, which was reorganized as the 79th Field Artillery Regiment.

World War I

Charles Dudley Rhodes
Rhodes as a Major General during World War I

During World War I, he commanded the 157th Artillery Brigade.

Rhodes later assumed command of the 42nd "Rainbow" Infantry Division, receiving temporary promotion to Major General. Within days of taking command of the 42nd Division in late 1918 Rhodes was injured in a plane crash, and turned the command over to Douglas MacArthur so he could recuperate.

Post World War I

Rhodes graduated from the Army War College in 1920.

His post-World War I assignments included commander of the 34th Infantry Division and Chief of Staff of US forces in the Philippines. He was promoted to permanent Brigadier General in 1925, and Major General in 1928.

Awards and decorations

Rhodes' awards included the Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal and Silver Star. For his World War I service, Rhodes received the Order of the Bath from Great Britain and the Legion of Honor from France.

Career as an author

Rhodes was a writer and lecturer. He authored several books and magazine articles, as well as historical works on cavalry in the Civil War. His works include: History of the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac (1900); The Vicksburg Campaign (1908); Letters of a West Point Cadet: An Epic in Blank Verse of the Class of 1889, United States Military Academy (1935); Chief Joseph and the Nez Perces Campaign of 1877 (1937); and Diary Notes of a Soldier (1940). Beginning in the 1890s, Rhodes also authored numerous articles and short stories which were published in magazines.

Retirement and death

Rhodes retired from the Army in 1929 and resided in Washington, D.C. He died at Walter Reed Hospital on January 24, 1948 and was buried with his wife Mary Counselman (1867–1943) at Arlington National Cemetery.

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