China 3 Lychee facts

China 3 Lychee
China 3 Lychee, Bangladesh
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Litchi
Binomial name
Litchi chinensis

China 3 (Bengali: চায়না ৩ লিচু) is a varieties of lychee fruit. Belongs to the family Sapindaceae and sub-family Nepheleae. Scientists have developed different varieties of lychees and this is one of the best varieties grown in south Asia. The trees attain an average height of 5 to 6 m with relatively smaller leaves. Bearing is regular if proper management and care is taken, otherwise they show an irregular bearing habit. This is a late variety and fruits ripen in the last week of June. Fruits are globose, with a mixture of red, orange and patches of green colour. Average weight of fruit is 25 g. Pulp is creamy white, soft and juicy. TSS 18 percent, seed small, pulp:seed ratio 15:1.

The planting of China 3 lychee is generally done during June-July, i.e. during the rainy season, but the best planting time is May-June when the weather is humid but not too wet or too dry. Planting may also be done after the rainy season, i.e. August-September, but regular irrigation is required for better establishment of the orchard. In old orchards lychee trees were planted 10–12 m apart both ways, i.e. in rows and between plants in rows. The spacing of 10 m is found to be adequate in areas where the soil is deep loam and fertile and when necessary care is taken during the initial stage of cultivation. In other areas 7–8 m distance was found to be sufficient. At present high density plantation has also started. In the case of high density planting the spacing is 4 m x 4 m.

Images


China 3 Lychee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.