August facts for kids

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August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, coming between July and September. It has 31 days, the same number of days as the previous month, July, and is named after Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar.

August doesn't start on the same day of the week as another month in common years, but starts on the same day of the week as February in leap years. August always ends on the same day of the week as November.

The Month

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar, after whom August is named

This month was first called Sextilis in Latin, because it was the sixth month in the old Roman calendar. The Roman calendar began in March about 735 BC with Romulus. October was the eighth month. August was the eighth month when January or February were added to the start of the year by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC. Or, when those two months were moved from the end to the beginning of the year by the decemvirs about 450 BC (Roman writers disagree). In 153 BC January 1 was determined as the beginning of the year.

August is named for Augustus Caesar who became Roman consul in this month. The month has 31 days because Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 45 BC. August is after July and before September.

August, in either hemisphere, is the seasonal equivalent of February in the other. In the Northern hemisphere it is a summer month and it is a winter month in the Southern hemisphere. In a common year, no other month begins on the same day of the week as August, though in leap years, February starts on the same day as August. August ends on the same day of the week as November every year.

August's flower is the Gladiolus with the birthstone being peridot. The astrological signs for August are Leo (July 22 - August 21) and Virgo (August 22 - September 21).

August observances

Fixed observances and events

Schweizerflaggen St. Gallen
Flags celebrating Switzerland's national day on August 1.

Moveable and Monthlong events

Military Tattoo at Edinburgh Castle.

Selection of Historical Events

Foundation Document of Switzerland
Indonesia declaration of independence 17 August 1945
Sukarno declaring Indonesia independent.
Krakatoa eruption lithograph
Krakatoa exploded on August 27, 1883.
Martin Luther King - March on Washington
Martin Luther King, Jr. at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963.

Months of the Year

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Images for kids

August Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.