March facts for kids

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March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, coming between February and April. It has 31 days. March is named after Mars, the Roman god of war.

March always starts on the same day of the week as November, and additionally, February in common years. March always ends on the same day of the week as June.

The Month

Narcissus pseudonarcissus 030405
The daffodil is a symbol of the month of March, when spring begins in the Northern Hemisphere.

In ancient Rome, March was called Martius. It was named after the war god (Mars) and the Romans thought that it was a lucky time to begin a war. Before Julius Caesar's calendar reform, March was the first month of the year in the Roman calendar, as the winter was considered to be a monthless period.

March is one of seven months to have 31 days. March starts on the same day of the week as November in all years, and also starts on the same day of the week as February in common years. In a common year, March starts on the same day of the week as June of the previous year, and in leap years starts on the same day of the week as September and December of the previous year. Every year, March ends on the same day of the week as June, and ends on the same day as December of the previous year if it is a leap year. In leap years, the day before March 1 is February 29. This determines the position of each day of the year from there on. As an example, March 1 is usually the 60th day of the year, but in a leap year is the 61st day.

In terms of seasons, March is a month that has an equinox, with daylight and darkness of roughly the same number of hours, halfway between the December and June solstices. In the Northern Hemisphere, spring starts in this month, while it is autumn in the Southern Hemisphere. The official start of either season is March 1, though the equinox can fall on March 20 or 21, occasionally on March 19. The northern spring equinox marks the start of the Iranian New Year and Baha'i New Year. It is from the March 21 date that Easter's date is calculated, on the Sunday after the first full moon in spring, meaning it can fall between March 22 and April 25 in Western Christianity.

March's flower is the daffodil and its birthstones are the bloodstone and aquamarine. The meaning of the bloodstone is courage. The star signs for March are Pisces (February 20 to March 20) and Aries (March 21 to April 20).

Events in March

Fixed events

Saint David's Day celebration in Cardiff Bay, Wales on March 1.
Seven-tiered doll set celebrating Hinamatsuri, Girls' Day, in Japan on March 3.
Frauentag 1914 Heraus mit dem Frauenwahlrecht
German poster from 1914 marking International Women's Day on March 8.
Happy Saint Patrick's Day 2010, Dublin, Ireland, Accordion Violin
Saint Patrick's Day celebration in Dublin on March 17.
Cesar chavez crop2
Cesar Chavez, whose birthday is observed in the US on March 31.

Moveable events

Easter eggs - straw decoration
Eggs celebrating Easter, which sometimes falls in late March.

Selection of Historical Events

MountRushmore monument
Work on Mount Rushmore begins on March 3, 1925.
Distant view of Rikuzentakata
Devastation caused by the earthquake and tsunami in Japan on March 11, 2011.
Naming of city of canberra capital hill 1913
Canberra is officially named on March 12, 1913.
Map of Maine NA
Maine became the 23rd US State on March 15, 1820.
Sydney harbour bridge new south wales
Sydney Harbour Bridge, which was opened on March 19, 1932.
Alaska purchase
Painting showing the US's agreement on March 30, 1867 to buy Alaska from Russia.


Mars Valles Marineris EDIT
The planet Mars, also named after the Roman god of war.

Other meanings

  • A march is also a type of music, originally written for and performed by marching bands.
  • March also refers to a certain way of walking.
  • March is also the name of a place in Germany.
  • There is an animal known as the March hare.
Months of the Year

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Images for kids

March Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.