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Coat of arms of the Soviet Union facts for kids

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State Emblem of the Soviet Union
State Emblem of the Soviet Union.svg
Details
Armiger Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Adopted 6 July 1923
Crest Red five-pointed star with golden border
Escutcheon Hammer and sickle, globe and the rising sun. An emblem is surrounded by ears of wheat wrapped around red ribbons with the state motto in the languages of the Soviet Socialist Republics.
Motto Workers of the world, unite!
Earlier versions 1923, 1929, 1936, 1946

The State Emblem of the Soviet Union was adopted in 1923 and was used until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Although it technically is an emblem rather than a coat of arms, since it does not follow traditional heraldic rules, in Russian it is called герб (gerb), the word used for a traditional coat of arms.

It was the first state insignia created in the style known as socialist heraldry, a style also seen in e.g. the emblem of the People's Republic of China.

Design

The coat of arms has a hammer and sickle, a red star over the Earth, and two ears of wheat covered by red ribbons. Each ribbon has a different language on it, showing the motto of the Soviet Union.

History

On 6 July 1923, the Central Executive Committee (CIK) started a project to create the coat of arms. It was finished on 22 September 1923. The constitution of the Soviet Union confirmed the new coat of arms officially in 1924. At first it had six red ribbons on the ears of wheat. The motto "Workers of the World, Unite!" was written on each ribbon, each in a different language. The first six languages were Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Georgian, Armenian, and Turko-Tatar.

Emblem was created by Vladimir Adrianov and finished by Ivan Dubasov. In 1931, Tajik were added after formation of Tajik SSR in 1929.

Over the next several years, many more languages were added. In 1937 there were 11 languages, and in 1946, there were 16. In 1956 the Finnish text from the coat of arms was removed, and up to the end of the Soviet Union there were 15 languages on the coat of arms.

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