Connective tissue facts for kids
Connective tissue makes up a variety of physical structures including, tendons, blood vessels, cartilage, bone, adipose tissue, and lymphatic tissue. CT is classified into three subtypes: embryonic CT, proper CT, and special CT.
Characteristics of CT:
- Cells are spread through an extracellular fluid.
- Ground substance - A clear, colorless fluid to fix the body water and the collagen fibers in the intercellular spaces. Ground substance slows the spread of pathogens.
- Both the ground substance and proteins (fibers) create the matrix for CT.
Types of fibers:
|Collagenous fibers||Bind bones and other tissues to each other||tendon, ligament, skin, cornea, cartilage, bone, blood vessels, gut, and intervertebral disc.|
|Elastic fibers||Allow organs like arteries and lungs to recoil||extracellular matrix|
|Reticular fibers||Form a scaffolding for other cells||liver, bone marrow, and lymphatic organs|
Connective tissue has a wide variety of functions that depend on the types of cells and the different classes of fibers involved.
Loose and dense connective tissue have an important role in providing a way for oxygen and nutrients to get into cells via diffusion, and carbon dioxide and waste substances to diffuse from the cells back into circulation. They also allow organs to resist stretching and tearing forces.
Connective tissue Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.