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Creeping blueberry facts for kids

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Vaccinium crassifolium
Vaccinium crassifolium.jpg
United States Botanic Garden's
National Garden, Washington
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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V. crassifolium
Binomial name
Vaccinium crassifolium
Andr.
Synonyms
  • Herpothamnus crassifolius (Andrews) Small
  • Vaccinium crassifolium subsp. sempervirens (D.A.Rayner & J. Henderson) W.B.Kirkman & Ballington
  • Vaccinium sempervirens D.A.Rayner & J.Henderson

Vaccinium crassifolium, the creeping blueberry, is a species of Vaccinium in the heath family. It is native to the four southeastern U.S. states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. It is an evergreen shrub with shiny dark green to bronze leaves.

Distribution

Vaccinium crassifolium is native to the coastal plain of Georgia, the Carolinas, and southeastern Virginia, especially in pine barrens but also in disturbed settings like roadsides and other open areas.

Taxonomy

Vaccinium crassifolium is the only species in Vaccinium sect. Herpothamnus. Some sources have recognized a second species, V. sempervirens, but recent authors combine the two into a single species. Creeping blueberries, although they are native to North America, do not seem to be most closely related to North American blueberries, but instead to South American Vaccinium species.

Uses

Medicinal

The leaves resemble bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), and may be used in herbalism in its place.

Cultivation

Vaccinium crassifolium has been cultivated since at least about 1787, and several cultivars are available for planting as a ground cover in landscaping gardens.

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