Ericaceae facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Ericaceae
Erica carnea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Juss.
Genera

See text.

Ericaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Ericales. Plants of this family grow both in Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere. The common English name of Ericaceae is heath family.

Vaccinium flowerdiagram
Flower diagram of Vaccinium, well-known genus of Ericaceae.

Many plants of Ericaceae are shrubs, but there are also trees and herbs.

There are about 120 genera and about 4000 species in this family.

Many plants of Ericaceae are evergreen plants with small flowers in the shape of bells or tube. The color of flowers may be white, pink, red, violet, rarely yellow. It may be interest plants for gardens.

Fruits of some species are edible.

Some plants of Ericaceae have a poison in all their parts. The genus Epacris was treated in a separate family, Epacridaceae, but Epacris is now in this family.

Genera

Epacris longiflora 04
Epacris longiflora
Erica calycina fol and flower
Erica calycina
Kalmia latifolia1
Kalmia latifolia
  • Acrostemon
  • Acrotriche
  • Agapetes
  • Agarista
  • Allotropa
  • Andersonia
  • Andromeda, Bog-rosemary. 1 or 2 species of small shrubs from bogs of northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere.
  • Anomalanthus
  • Anthopteropsis
  • Anthopterus
  • Arachnocalyx
  • Arbutus
  • Arctostaphylos
  • Astroloma
  • Bejaria
  • Brachyloma
  • Bruckenthalia
  • Bryanthus
  • Calluna
  • Calopteryx
  • Cassiope
  • Cavendishia
  • Ceratiola
  • Ceratostema
  • Chamaedaphne
  • Chimaphila
  • Coccosperma
  • Coilostigma
  • Comarostaphylis
  • Conostephium
  • Corema
  • Costera
  • Craibiodendron
  • Cyathodes
  • Daboecia
  • Demosthenesia
  • Didonica
  • Dimorphanthera
  • Diogenesia
  • Diplarche
  • Diplycosia
  • Disterigma
  • Dracophyllum. 60 species of shrubs or trees with long leaves from Australia and Oceania.
  • Empetrum
  • Elliottia
  • Epacris
  • Epigaea
  • Enkianthus
  • Eremia
  • Eremiella
  • Erica
  • Findlaya
  • Gaultheria.135 species.
  • Gaylussacia
  • Gonocalyx
  • Grisebachia
  • Harrimanella
  • Hemitomes
  • Kalmia
  • Kalmiopsis
  • Killipiella
  • Lateropora
  • Ledothamnus
  • Ledum
  • Leiophyllum
  • Leucopogon
  • Leucothoe
  • Lissanthe
  • Loiseleuria
  • Lyonia
  • Macleana
  • Macnabia
  • Malea
  • Menziesia
  • Mitrastylus
  • Moneses
  • Monotoca
  • Monotropa
  • Monotropsis
  • Mycerinus
  • Nagelocarpus
  • Notopora
  • Oreanthes
  • Ornithostaphylos
  • Orthaea
  • Orthilia
  • Oxydendrum
  • Pellegrinia
  • Pentachondra
  • Pernettyopsis
  • Phyllodoce
  • Pieris
  • Pityopus
  • Platycalyx
  • Pleuricospora
  • Plutarchia
  • Polyclita
  • Prionotes
  • Psammisia
  • Pterospora
  • Pyrola
  • Rhododendron. 1,024 species of shrubs with beautiful flowers. What gardeners know as azalea is in fact some species of rhododendron.
  • Rhodothamnus
  • Richea. Shrubs or trees with long leaves from Tasmania and Australia.
  • Rusbya
  • Salaxis
  • Sarcodes
  • Satyria
  • Scyphogyne
  • Semiramisia
  • Simocheilus
  • Siphonandra
  • Sphyrospermum
  • Stokoeanthus
  • Styphelia
  • Sympieza
  • Syndsmanthus
  • Tepuia
  • Thamnus
  • Themistoclesia
  • Therorhodion
  • Thibaudia
  • Thoracosperma
  • Trochocarpa
  • Tsusiophyllum
  • Utleya
  • Vaccinium. 450 species of shrubs. Well-known species are blueberries, cranberries and huckleberries.
  • Woollsia
  • Xylococcus
  • Zenobia, Honeycup. Small shrubs from bogs of south-east of USA. 1 species.
Bejaria imthurnii Roraima.jpg
Bejaria imthurnii
Cassiope mertensiana 9166.JPG
Cassiope mertensiana
Dracophyllum secundum.JPG
Dracophyllum secundum

Ericaceae Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.