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Cumberland, Indiana
Town of Cumberland
A residential neighborhood in northern Cumberland
A residential neighborhood in northern Cumberland
Location of Cumberland in Hancock County and Marion County, Indiana.
Location of Cumberland in Hancock County and Marion County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
Counties Marion, Hancock
Area
 • Total 2.82 sq mi (7.30 km2)
 • Land 2.81 sq mi (7.28 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
853 ft (260 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 5,954
 • Density 2,118.11/sq mi (817.93/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (EST)
ZIP code
46229
Area code(s) 317
FIPS code 18-16336
GNIS feature ID 0433243
Website http://www.town.cumberland.in.us

Cumberland is a town located in Hancock and Marion counties, Indiana, United States. The population was 5,169 at the 2010 census.

History

Cumberland was founded in the 1830s when the Cumberland Road (also known as the National Road) was extended to that point. Cumberland contained a post office from 1834 until it was discontinued in 1958.

Geography

Cumberland is located at 39°47′1″N 85°57′8″W / 39.78361°N 85.95222°W / 39.78361; -85.95222 (39.783528, -85.952308).

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 2.07 square miles (5.4 km2), of which 2.06 square miles (5.3 km2) (or 99.52%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 0.48%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 299
1960 872
1970 1,478 69.5%
1980 3,375 128.3%
1990 4,557 35.0%
2000 5,500 20.7%
2010 5,169 −6.0%
2020 5,954 15.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,169 people, 1,972 households, and 1,422 families living in the town. The population density was 2,509.2 inhabitants per square mile (968.8/km2). There were 2,233 housing units at an average density of 1,084.0 per square mile (418.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 77.0% White, 16.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population.

There were 1,972 households, of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.9% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the town was 38.4 years. 27.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

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