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Daegwallyeong-myeon

대관령면
Township
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
Country  Republic of Korea
Province Gangwon-do
County Pyeongchang
Area
 • Total 221.6 km2 (85.6 sq mi)
Elevation
750 m (2,460 ft)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total 6,162
Time zone UTC+9

Daegwallyeong-myeon (Korean: 대관령면; Hanja: 大關嶺面) is a myeon (township) in the county of Pyeongchang. Daegwallyeong-myeon is located in northeastern part of Pyeongchang. Pyeongchang is in the province of Gangwon-do, South Korea. The population was 6,162 people in 2008. The myeon was named Doam-myeon (Korean: 도암면; Hanja: 道岩面) until 2007. Daegwallyeong-myeon is named after the important mountain pass of Daegwallyeong. It has the coldest average temperature in South Korea.

History

Daegwallyeong-myeon is originally part of the Gangneung city. It was transferred to Jeongseon county in 1906. It then became part of Pyeongchang county in 1931. The original name was Doam-myeon. It was then renamed to Daegwanryeong-myeon after the Daegwallyeong pass that connects Gangneung with this location. This results in Gangneung being more connected to Daegwallyeong-myeon than the rest of Pyeongchang.

Administrative divisions

There are 21 administrative divisions in Daegwallyeong-myeon. The 21 divisions are as follows:

  • Hoenggye 1 to 13 - ri (Korean:횡계리; Hanja: 橫溪里 1~13리)
  • Chahang 1 to 2 - ri (Korean:차항리; Hanja: 車項里 1~2리)
  • Suhari (Korean:수하리; Hanja: 水下里)
  • Yongsan 1 to 2 - ri (Korean:용산리; Hanja: 龍山里 1~2리)
  • Yucheon 1 to 3 - ri (Korean:유천리; Hanja: 楡川里 1~3리)
  • Byungnaeri (Korean:병내리; Hanja: 屛內里)

Note: One ri is an administrative unit in South Korea. It is similar to the unit of village.

Climate

Daegwallyeong-myeon has a temperate climate. The average temperature is 8 degrees Celsius. The warmest month is August, at around 20 degree Celsius. The coldest month is January. The temperatures can reach minus 6 degrees Celsius. The average rainfall is around 1530 millimetres a year. The wettest month is July. The rainfall is around 330 millimeters in July. The month with the lowest rainfall is December. In December, around 40 millimeters of rain is recorded.

Climate data for Daegwallyeong, Pyeongchang (1981–2010. For extremes, the period is from 1971–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
16.5
(61.7)
19.7
(67.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.0
(87.8)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.7
(90.9)
29.0
(84.2)
24.7
(76.5)
21.5
(70.7)
13.5
(56.3)
32.7
(90.9)
Average high °C (°F) -2.5
(27.5)
-0.4
(31.3)
4.4
(39.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.6
(63.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
18.6
(65.5)
14.0
(57.2)
7.0
(44.6)
0.5
(32.9)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) -7.7
(18.1)
-5.5
(22.1)
-0.5
(31.1)
7.0
(44.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.7
(60.3)
19.1
(66.4)
19.1
(66.4)
14.1
(57.4)
8.3
(46.9)
1.9
(35.4)
-4.4
(24.1)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F) -12.6
(9.3)
-10.5
(13.1)
-5.2
(22.6)
1.2
(34.2)
6.3
(43.3)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61)
10.0
(50)
3.1
(37.6)
-2.8
(27)
-9.1
(15.6)
2.0
(35.6)
Record low °C (°F) -28.9
(-20)
-27.6
(-17.7)
-23.0
(-9.4)
-14.6
(5.7)
-4.7
(23.5)
-1.7
(28.9)
4.4
(39.9)
3.3
(37.9)
-2.3
(27.9)
-9.9
(14.2)
-18.7
(-1.7)
-24.7
(-12.5)
-28.9
(-20)
Precipitation mm (inches) 62.6
(2.465)
53.6
(2.11)
75.6
(2.976)
89.5
(3.524)
122.3
(4.815)
201.0
(7.913)
326.7
(12.862)
420.9
(16.571)
307.3
(12.098)
124.9
(4.917)
76.9
(3.028)
36.8
(1.449)
1,898.0
(74.724)
Humidity 67.3 67.0 67.5 61.0 68.4 79.2 85.7 87.0 84.6 75.2 69.9 67.3 73.3
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.5 10.5 11.3 9.5 11.1 13.2 17.6 17.8 13.0 8.7 10.1 9.4 142.7
Avg. snowy days 13.0 11.8 12.0 3.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 5.2 10.9 57.2
Sunshine hours 197.2 185.2 202.3 226.6 229.4 179.8 138.1 130.7 143.9 193.3 176.4 191.9 2,194.8
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (percent sunshine and snowy days)

Attractions

There are several attractions in Daegwallyeong-myeon, some of the major ones are listed below.

  • Yongpyong Ski Resort - Yongpyong Ski Resort is the largest ski resort in South Korea. It is a 2018 Winter Olympics venue.
  • Alpensia Resort - Alpensia Resort is the main venue of 2018 Winter Olympics. It hosted most of the sporting events.
  • Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium - Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium is the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2018 Winter Olympics.

Pyeongchang was selected as host of the 2024 Winter Youth Olympics on 10 January 2020. It was confirmed that Daegwallyeong-myeon will also host a major part of the event. The facilities of the 2018 Winter Olympics will be reused for the 2024 Winter Youth Olympics. They will likely host the same sporting events and ceremonies.

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