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Dalton, Missouri
Location of Dalton, Missouri
Location of Dalton, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Chariton
 • Total 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
 • Land 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
712 ft (217 m)
 • Total 7
 • Estimate 
 • Density 88.40/sq mi (34.15/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-18118
GNIS feature ID 0716651

Dalton is a village in Chariton County, Missouri, United States. The population was 7 at the 2020 census.


Dalton is located at 39°23′50″N 92°59′28″W / 39.39722°N 92.99111°W / 39.39722; -92.99111 (39.397130, -92.991248).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2), all of it land.

History of Dalton

Lewis and Clark made camp at what would later be known as the Cut-Off on June 12, 1804, and it was here that the expedition met with Pierre Dorion, a man who had reportedly been with the Sioux for 20 years and was thought to have some influence upon them. The Lewis and Clark journal entry describes the Dalton Cut-Off as connected to the Missouri River by a creek.

More than sixty years after the Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the area—after the end of the Civil War—the village of Dalton was born when the railroad created a need for it. The village was named for William Dalton who had donated the 40 acres (160,000 m2) and a railroad depot was built for the St. Louis & Pacific line. [note: William Dalton was believed to be the grandfather of Missouri's sitting governor at the time the village was named, but the contributor has not yet found sources to support that claim.]

Dalton is perhaps best known as the site of the Dalton Vocational School, originally the Barlett Agricultural and Industrial School, also referred to as the "Tuskegee of the Midwest" or "Missouri Tuskegee". It was founded in 1907 by Nathaniel Bruce, a student and disciple of Booker T. Washington. The first permanent building was erected in 1909 after flooding forced a move to higher ground. In 1923, the school received funds from the state legislature to construct a model farm home, trade shop, and hog and poultry houses. Eventually the campus would expand to 123 acres (0.50 km2). Bruce shared Washington's view that a practical education for African American youth was best. The emphasis was on vocational and agricultural training. African American students from a relatively wide geographical area were bussed to Dalton where they studied agriculture, industrial arts, and home economics.

The demonstration farm and school came under the supervision of the University of Missouri College of Agriculture in 1924. Eventually Lincoln University, a then all-Negro college in Jefferson City, took control of the school. The Supreme Court's 1954 ruling that schools were to be integrated forced the closing of Dalton Vocational School; the last school year was 1955–1956. Buildings and property were later sold at auction. The campus has sat empty since that time and all but two of the buildings are gone.

Large portions of the 1973 Tom Sawyer film was filmed at the Dalton Cut-Off, especially footage that featured shots of Tom and Huck's adventures on Missouri River.

In 1979 Dalton resident Rod Skillman was a walk-on to the University of Missouri Football Team (DT) and later played professionally for the New Jersey Generals ('83–'84) and Hamilton Tiger-Cats ('84–'92).

As for the village of Dalton today, the decline of the rural economy and flooding have taken their toll. The 1993 flood reduced Dalton to a grain elevator, a post office, 2 churches, a community center and a few houses. But the small community still celebrates its heritage with the annual Dalton Days festival.

Today the Dalton Cut-Off is part of what waterfowl enthusiasts call the "Golden Triangle" because it winters an exceptionally large number of birds.

Dalton Vocational School Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 199
1890 332 66.8%
1900 223 −32.8%
1910 261 17.0%
1920 398 52.5%
1930 357 −10.3%
1940 342 −4.2%
1950 237 −30.7%
1960 197 −16.9%
1970 135 −31.5%
1980 76 −43.7%
1990 38 −50.0%
2000 27 −28.9%
2010 17 −37.0%
2019 (est.) 16 −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 17 people, 9 households, and 6 families living in the village. The population density was 94.4 inhabitants per square mile (36.4/km2). There were 18 housing units at an average density of 100.0 per square mile (38.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 70.6% White and 29.4% African American.

There were 9 households, of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.89 and the average family size was 2.17.

The median age in the village was 63.2 years. 11.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 0% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 5.9% were from 25 to 44; 47% were from 45 to 64; and 35.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 58.8% male and 41.2% female.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Dalton (Misuri) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
Distinguished African-American Artists:
Sharif Bey
Hale Woodruff
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