Chariton County, Missouri facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Chariton County, Missouri
Map
Map of Missouri highlighting Chariton County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 16, 1820
Seat Keytesville
Largest City Salisbury
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

767 sq mi (1,987 km²)
751 sq mi (1,945 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 2.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

7,589
10/sq mi (4/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Chariton River

Chariton County is a county located in the North Central portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,831. Its county seat is Keytesville. The county was organized November 16, 1820, from part of Howard County and is named for the Chariton River.

History

CharitonCoCourthouse
The second Chariton County Courthouse 1867-1973.It replaced one destroyed by Confederate raiders in September, 1864.

Chariton County was settled primarily from the states of the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and they quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Chariton was one of several counties settled mostly by southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Chariton County was at its heart. It was heavily pro-Confederate during the American Civil War.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 767 square miles (1,990 km2), of which 751 square miles (1,950 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (2.0%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 24.svg U.S. Route 24
  • MO-5.svg Route 5
  • MO-11.svg Route 11
  • MO-129.svg Route 129
  • MO-139.svg Route 139

National protected area

  • Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,780
1840 4,746 166.6%
1850 7,514 58.3%
1860 12,562 67.2%
1870 19,136 52.3%
1880 25,224 31.8%
1890 26,254 4.1%
1900 26,826 2.2%
1910 23,503 −12.4%
1920 21,769 −7.4%
1930 19,588 −10.0%
1940 18,084 −7.7%
1950 14,944 −17.4%
1960 12,720 −14.9%
1970 11,084 −12.9%
1980 10,489 −5.4%
1990 9,202 −12.3%
2000 8,438 −8.3%
2010 7,831 −7.2%
Est. 2015 7,589 −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,438 people, 3,469 households, and 2,345 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 4,250 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.99% White, 3.19% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. Approximately 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.8% were of German, 25.5% American, 9.7% English and 7.8% Irish ancestry.

There were 3,469 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 22.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,285, and the median income for a family was $39,176. Males had a median income of $25,263 versus $19,068 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,515. About 8.80% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.40% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities


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