kids encyclopedia robot

Sumner, Missouri facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Sumner, Missouri
Maxie the goose 1.jpg
Goose capital of the world
Location of Sumner, Missouri
Location of Sumner, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Chariton
 • Total 0.23 sq mi (0.59 km2)
 • Land 0.23 sq mi (0.59 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
682 ft (208 m)
 • Total 78
 • Estimate 
 • Density 429.20/sq mi (165.55/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-71620
GNIS feature ID 0735873

Sumner is a city in Chariton County, Missouri, United States. The population was 78 at the 2020 census. It was named in honor of U.S. Senator Charles Sumner.


The area along the Grand River in the northwest corner of present-day Chariton County was first explored by two sons of Daniel Boone and Thomas Stanley prior to Missouri statehood in 1821. Stanley established a trading post some time later near what would eventually become Sumner. Other than the trading post not much existed in the area for several years, partly due to marshlands and flooding on the Grand River. The area around Sumner was originally known as Crossland, and about one mile away was the much larger village of Cunningham. However the coming of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad to the community combined with the Wabash railroad's decision to move their depot from Cunningham to Sumner gave the latter the upper hand in growth. Sumner was laid out by Joel H. Wilkerson in June, 1882. That fall the first home was constructed in the new village by J.M. Vanes, soon followed by the Commercial Hotel. A newspaper, the Sumner Star, was established in 1890 and operated for several years. Once teeming with wildlife such as prairie chicken, turkey, duck, and deer in the 1800s, the population of such was drastically reduced by over hunting and draining of the native wetlands, notably Hog Lake in 1911. In 1937 concerned over wetland preservation in the wake of the Dust Bowl, the U.S. Congress established the Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge just to the south of Sumner. Roads, buildings and man-made wetlands were soon created by the Civilian Conservation Corps and by 1941 eight hundred geese wintered in the area.

Maxie the goose 2
Another view of "Maxie" the Canadian goose.

Located on a migratory flyway, Swan Lake and the Sumner area began to attract ever larger numbers of geese in the mid and late 20th century, reaching 100,000 or more by the 1980s and 1990s. This also led to a yearly influx of hunters, benefiting the few Sumner businesses and Chariton County as a whole. With these numbers in mind Sumner was proclaimed the "Wild Goose Capital of the World". Sumner also began to hold a yearly Goose Festival in 1955 and it continues each October, with a variety of activities held including live music, a queen contest, food and a parade. Sumner residents commissioned a Kansas City sculptor in 1976 to create a large statue to honor the community's status and reputation for waterfowl hunting. What resulted was the "Worlds Largest Goose". Named "Maxie", the fiberglass and metal structure stands over forty feet tall with a wingspan of sixty-five feet and a total weight of over 5,000 pounds.


Sumner is located at 39°39′23″N 93°14′36″W / 39.65639°N 93.24333°W / 39.65639; -93.24333 (39.656342, -93.243426).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 286
1900 477 66.8%
1910 394 −17.4%
1920 468 18.8%
1930 348 −25.6%
1940 338 −2.9%
1950 309 −8.6%
1960 234 −24.3%
1970 178 −23.9%
1980 182 2.2%
1990 140 −23.1%
2000 142 1.4%
2010 102 −28.2%
2019 (est.) 97 −4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 102 people, 52 households, and 26 families residing in the city. The population density was 443.5 inhabitants per square mile (171.2/km2). There were 87 housing units at an average density of 378.3 per square mile (146.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 52 households, of which 19.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.8% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 50.0% were non-families. 46.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 23% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age in the city was 49 years. 20.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 26.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.9% male and 47.1% female.

Notable person

  • Senator J. William Fulbright was born in Sumner on April 9, 1905.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Sumner (Misuri) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
African-American Women in Medicine:
Mary Eliza Mahoney
Susie King Taylor
Ida Gray
Eliza Ann Grier
kids search engine
Sumner, Missouri Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.