Randolph County, Missouri facts for kids

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Randolph County, Missouri
Map

Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 22, 1829
Seat Huntsville
Largest City Moberly
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

488 sq mi (1,264 km²)
483 sq mi (1,251 km²)
5.1 sq mi (13 km²), 1.1%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

25,104
53/sq mi (20/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.randolphcounty-mo.com/
Named for: John Randolph of Roanoke

Randolph County is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,414. Its county seat is Huntsville. The county was organized January 22, 1829 and named for U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator John Randolph of Roanoke of Virginia.

Randolph County comprises the Moberly, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbia-Moberly-Mexico, MO Combined Statistical Area.

History

Randolph County was primarily settled by migrants from the Upper Southern states, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Randolph was one of several counties settled mostly by Southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie, and Randolph County was at its heart.

Randolph County was home to Omar Bradley, the last of nine 5-star generals of the American military.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,260 km2), of which 483 square miles (1,250 km2) is land and 5.1 square miles (13 km2) (1.1%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 24.svg U.S. Route 24
  • US 63.svg U.S. Route 63
  • MO-3.svg Route 3

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,942
1840 7,198 144.7%
1850 9,439 31.1%
1860 11,407 20.8%
1870 15,908 39.5%
1880 22,751 43.0%
1890 24,893 9.4%
1900 24,442 −1.8%
1910 26,182 7.1%
1920 27,633 5.5%
1930 26,431 −4.3%
1940 24,458 −7.5%
1950 22,918 −6.3%
1960 22,014 −3.9%
1970 22,434 1.9%
1980 25,460 13.5%
1990 24,370 −4.3%
2000 24,663 1.2%
2010 25,414 3.0%
Est. 2015 25,104 −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 24,663 people, 9,199 households, and 6,236 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 10,740 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.58% White, 7.03% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Approximately 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.1% were of German, 21.4% American, 10.9% English and 9.1% Irish ancestry.

There were 9,199 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 107.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,464, and the median income for a family was $39,268. Males had a median income of $26,878 versus $20,366 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,010. About 9.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities


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