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Salisbury, Missouri
Location of Salisbury, Missouri
Location of Salisbury, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Chariton
 • Total 1.34 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Land 1.34 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
741 ft (226 m)
 • Total 1,563
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,138.27/sq mi (439.34/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-65450
GNIS feature ID 0725956

Salisbury is a city in Chariton County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,563 at the 2020 census.


Judge Lucius Salisbury, town founder

The land where Salisbury is now located was first owned by Prior Bibo, a veteran of the War of 1812, in the late 1820s. A tract of 320 acres was granted to Bibo by the U.S. government as a bonus for his military service. Following two intermediate owners, the land was sold for $400 to Judge Lucius Salisbury in 1856. He had surveyors lay out the town plat in 1857, and the town was founded on April 1, 1867. The city has had a post office since 1863, when Judge Salisbury opened it in his home. He also ran the stagecoach stop from his business, known as "Shop-A-While."

By the 1870 U.S. Census, Salisbury's population was 626. Just two years later the town was struck by a large tornado. Major fires damaged much of the business district in 1877 and again in 1882. On April 4, 1882, Salisbury was organized and chartered as a fourth-class city under Missouri laws.

Early businesses included two hotels, a flour mill, three tobacco factories, three manufacturers of agricultural equipment and some forty other assorted merchants in the latter 19th century. Residents could visit the Salisbury Opera House, where the town's location on the Wabash rail line came into play, conveniently bringing in notable performers of the time. A published 1896 history of Chariton County lists among the community's businesses and amenities two newspapers, six physicians, a soda-pop factory, cigar factory, and a city-owned power plant for electricity.

The Salisbury Square Historic District and Fabrishous and Sarah A. Thomas House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Salisbury is located at 39°25′20″N 92°48′3″W / 39.42222°N 92.80083°W / 39.42222; -92.80083 (39.422325, -92.800942). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.33 square miles (3.44 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 626
1880 908 45.0%
1890 1,672 84.1%
1900 1,847 10.5%
1910 1,834 −0.7%
1920 1,757 −4.2%
1930 1,768 0.6%
1940 1,759 −0.5%
1950 1,676 −4.7%
1960 1,787 6.6%
1970 1,960 9.7%
1980 1,975 0.8%
1990 1,881 −4.8%
2000 1,726 −8.2%
2010 1,618 −6.3%
2019 (est.) 1,523 −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,618 people, 698 households, and 431 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,216.5 inhabitants per square mile (469.7/km2). There were 830 housing units at an average density of 624.1 per square mile (241.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 2.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 698 households, of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.3% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 40.2 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 19.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

Notable person

Major Floyd Parks

Attractions and events

  • Salisbury City Park features a playground, horse arena, tennis court, ball field, and picnic area. The city swimming pool is located across the street.
  • James C. Philpotts Park, located just south of the city, provides multiple recreation opportunities such as a 9-hole public golf course, playgrounds, walking trails and a small lake. The park also provides a 10-unit campground with electricity, water and sewer services available.
  • Two lakes just outside the city limits, Sterling Price Lake and Lake Nehai Tonkayea, provide fishing and boating opportunities.
  • Salisbury Steak Festival is held each June, with various games, local entertainment, and a community steak supper.

19th-century Salisbury


Salisbury's second school building

The Salisbury R-IV school district provides K-12 education to the town of Salisbury and a portion of surrounding Chariton County. A major renovation and expansion project in 2010 and 2011 added more class space to the facility. Along with classrooms, construction of a tornado-safe multipurpose area including a new gymnasium is ongoing. Athletic teams from Salisbury High School have won multiple Missouri state championships: 1997 Class 1A football, 2001 and 2002 Class 2A softball, 2004 Class 1A boys' golf, 2012 Class 1A girls' cross county, and 2012-2013 Class 2A boys' basketball.

The first school in Salisbury opened in April 1867, with 108 students. A fire in 1888 destroyed the first school building and it was replaced by a much larger two-story brick structure. In addition to the public school, Salisbury Academy, opened in 1888, provided for higher education at what today would be considered a junior college level. North Missouri Institute, another college-preparatory school, opened in 1891.

Salisbury has a public library, the Dulany Memorial Library.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Salisbury (Misuri) para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Renowned Hispanic scientists
Luis Walter Alvarez
Francisco J. Ayala
Baruj Benacerraf
Sabrina Gonzalez Pasterski
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