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His Excellency General the Honourable

David Hurley

AC, DSC, FTSE
David Hurley official photo.jpg
27th Governor-General of Australia
Assumed office
1 July 2019
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Scott Morrison
Preceded by Sir Peter Cosgrove
38th Governor of New South Wales
In office
2 October 2014 – 1 May 2019
Monarch Elizabeth II
Premier Mike Baird
Gladys Berejiklian
Lieutenant Tom Bathurst
Preceded by Dame Marie Bashir
Succeeded by Margaret Beazley
Personal details
Born 26 August 1953 (1953-08-26) (age 66)
Wollongong, New South Wales
Nationality Australian
Spouse(s)
Linda McMartin (m. 1977)
Children 3
Military service
Allegiance Australia
Branch/service Australian Army
Years of service 1972–2014
Rank General
Commands Chief of the Defence Force (2011–2014)
Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2008–2011)
Chief of Joint Operations (2007–2008)
Chief of Capability Development Group (2003–2007)
Land Commander Australia (2002–2003)
1st Brigade (1999–2000)
1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1991–1993)
Battles/wars Operation Solace
Awards Companion of the Order of Australia
Distinguished Service Cross
Knight of the Order of Saint John

General David John Hurley, AC, DSC, FTSE (born 26 August 1953) is a former senior officer in the Australian Army and the 27th Governor-General of Australia, in office since 1 July 2019. He was previously the 38th Governor of New South Wales, serving from 2014 to 2019.

In a 42-year military career, Hurley deployed on Operation Solace in Somalia in 1993, commanded the 1st Brigade (1999–2000), was the inaugural Chief of Capability Development Group (2003–2007) and Chief of Joint Operations (2007–2008), and served as Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2008–2011). His career culminated with his appointment as Chief of the Defence Force on 4 July 2011, in succession to Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston. Hurley retired from the army in June 2014, and succeeded Dame Marie Bashir as Governor of New South Wales on 2 October 2014.

Early life and education

David John Hurley was born on 26 August 1953 in Wollongong, New South Wales, to Norma and James Hurley. His father was an Illawarra steelworker and his mother worked in a grocery store. Hurley grew up in Port Kembla and attended Port Kembla High School, where he completed his Higher School Certificate in 1971. He subsequently graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon with a Bachelor of Arts and Graduate Diploma in Defence Studies.

Hurley is married to Linda (née McMartin), and has three children.

Military career

Hurley entered the Royal Military College, Duntroon, as an officer cadet in January 1972. On graduating from Duntroon in December 1975, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the Royal Australian Infantry Corps. His initial posting was to the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR). Promoted to captain, he was appointed adjutant of the Sydney University Regiment before becoming regimental adjutant of the Royal Australian Regiment. He went on exchange to the 1st Battalion, Irish Guards, a British Army unit, before serving with 5th/7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment.

Promoted to lieutenant colonel, Hurley was posted as the Senior Career Adviser (Armour, Artillery, Engineers and Infantry) in the Office of the Military Secretary in 1990, appointed SO1 (Operations) Headquarters 2nd Division in early 1991, and in November 1991 assumed command of 1RAR, which he led during Operation Solace in Somalia in 1993. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his service during this deployment. In 1994 he became SO1 (Operations), Headquarters 1st Division.

Following promotion to colonel, Hurley was appointed Chief of Staff, Headquarters 1st Division in June 1994, attended the United States Army War College from 1996 to 1997, became Military Secretary to Chief of Army, and was posted to Australian Defence Headquarters as Director of Preparedness and Mobilisation in December 1997. As a brigadier, he assumed command of the 1st Brigade in Darwin in January 1999. During this period he oversaw the brigade's transition to a higher degree of operational readiness and its support to Australian–led operations in East Timor. He went on to be Director General Land Development within Capability Systems in January 2001.

Hurley was promoted to major general in 2001 and served as Head Capability Systems Division from July 2001, and as Land Commander Australia from December 2002. Promoted to lieutenant general, he assumed the new appointment of Chief of Capability Development Group in December 2003, went on to take the newly separated appointment of Chief of Joint Operations in September 2007, and became Vice Chief of the Defence Force in July 2008.

Hurley was promoted to general and succeeded Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston as Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) on 4 July 2011. In January 2012 Hurley completed 40 years service to the Australian Defence Force, and on 20 January while in Paris, he was presented with the insignia for Officer of the Legion of Honour by the French CDF. In February, he was presented with a fifth clasp to the Defence Force Service Medal in recognition of his 40 years of service. Hurley retired from the Australian Army on 30 June 2014, and was succeeded as CDF by Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin.

Lieutenant General David Morrison, the 2016 Australian of the Year, credited Hurley with the phrase "the standard you walk past is the standard you accept" in his anti-misogyny speech, which became "one of the most quoted phrases" of Morrison's speech.

Vice-regal appointments

On 5 June 2014, New South Wales Premier Mike Baird announced that Hurley would replace Dame Marie Bashir as Governor of New South Wales: he was sworn in by the premier on 2 October 2014 after Bashir's term as governor had expired. On 17 March 2015, he was invested as a Knight of the Order of St John (a British honour) by the Lord Prior, Neil Conn, at a ceremony at Government House, Sydney.

On 16 December 2018, Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced that Hurley would become the next Governor-General of Australia commencing on 1 July 2019. Margaret Beazley was designated as his replacement as Governor of New South Wales. Hurley was sworn in as the 27th Governor-General at Parliament House, Canberra, on 1 July 2019. His first words were spoken in the language of the local Aboriginal people.

Hurley is an Honorary Patron of the ACT Veterans Rugby Club and Patron of Transport Heritage NSW.

Titles, styles and honours

Titles

Hurley's style and title in full is: His Excellency General The Honourable David John Hurley, Companion of the Order of Australia, Distinguished Service Cross, Knight of Grace of the Order of St John, Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Honours and awards

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png DSC (Australia) ribbon.png

Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png Australian Service Medal ribbon.png DFSM with Fed Star.png

Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Order of Military Service (BAT).gif

Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya.jpg Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Order of the Crown of Thailand - Medal (Thailand) ribbon.svg Decoration of Merit.jpg

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) 26 January 2010
Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) 26 January 2004
DSC (Australia) ribbon.png Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) 26 November 1993
Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Knight of the Order of St John 17 March 2015
Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal with SOMALIA clasp
Australian Service Medal ribbon.png Australian Service Medal
DFSM with Fed Star.png Defence Force Service Medal with the Federation Star 40–44 years service
Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Australian Defence Medal
Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg Officer of the Legion of Honour (France) 20 January 2012
US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States) 10 May 2012
Order of Military Service (BAT).gif Knight Grand Commander of the Order of Military Service (Malaysia) 2012
Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya.jpg Defence Meritorious Service Star – 1st Class (Indonesia) 19 November 2012
Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Distinguished Service Order (Singapore) 13 February 2013
Order of the Crown of Thailand - Medal (Thailand) ribbon.svg Gold Medal of the Order of the Crown of Thailand (Thailand) June 2014
Decoration of Merit.jpg Gold Decoration of Merit (Netherlands) June 2014
Badges
  • Infantry Combat Badge

Honorary degrees

Honorary appointments

  • Australia 2008–2019: Honorary Colonel of the Sydney University Regiment.
  • Australia 2014–2019: Chief Scout of Scouts Australia NSW.
  • Australia 2014–2019: Honorary Colonel of the Royal New South Wales Regiment.
  • Ensign of the Royal Australian Air Force.svg 2014–2019: Honorary Air Commodore of No. 22 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force.
  • United Kingdom 2014–2019: Deputy Prior of the Order of St John.
  • New South Wales 2014–2019: Governor of the New South Wales Police Force.
  • Australia 2016: Honorary Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (Hon.FTSE).
Military offices
Preceded by
Major General Peter Abigail
Land Commander Australia
2002–2003
Succeeded by
Major General Ken Gillespie
New title Chief Capability Development Group
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Vice Admiral Matt Tripovich
New title
Separated from the roles of VCDF
Chief of Joint Operations
2007–2008
Succeeded by
Lieutenant General Mark Evans
Preceded by
Lieutenant General Ken Gillespie
Vice Chief of the Defence Force
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Air Marshal Mark Binskin
Preceded by
Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston
Chief of the Defence Force
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin
Government offices
Preceded by
Dame Marie Bashir
Governor of New South Wales
2014–2019
Succeeded by
Margaret Beazley
Preceded by
Sir Peter Cosgrove
Governor-General of Australia
2019–present
Incumbent

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