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Decatur, Nebraska
A bridge at Decatur crosses the Missouri River into Iowa
A bridge at Decatur crosses the Missouri River into Iowa
Location of Decatur, Nebraska
Location of Decatur, Nebraska
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Burt
 • Total 1.02 sq mi (2.65 km2)
 • Land 1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,070 ft (326 m)
 • Total 481
 • Estimate 
 • Density 453.48/sq mi (175.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 402
FIPS code 31-12525
GNIS feature ID 0828631

Decatur is a village in Burt County, Nebraska, United States, adjacent to the upper Missouri River. The population was 481 at the 2010 census. This town is named after one of its incorporators, Stephen Decatur. It developed around a trading post established by Colonel Peter Sarpy, the namesake for Sarpy County in the state.


The area was originally populated by Omaha Indians. Explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark passed through the area in 1804 as they traveled along the Missouri River.

The first European settler in the area was a man named Woods, who settled at the mouth of Wood Creek (his namesake) in 1837. Stephen Decatur arrived in the area in 1841. His farm was called Decatur Springs, after a spring which supplied water to the village for the next century.

In 1854 the U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs purchased 300,000 acres of land from the Omaha, including the area which is now Decatur. The town of Decatur was incorporated in 1856 under the name "The Decatur Townsite & Ferry Company." The other incorporators included Thomas Whiteacre, T. H. Hineman, George Mason, and Herman Glass. Important Nebraska settler Peter Sarpy, who ran an Indian trading post at the mouth of Wood Creek, helped lay out the town. The patents for the town were granted on May 1, 1862. Following the dissolution of the Decatur Townsite and Ferry Company, the town was renamed Decatur Village in 1858.


Decatur is located at 42°0′22″N 96°15′4″W / 42.00611°N 96.25111°W / 42.00611; -96.25111 (42.006018, -96.250982).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.90 square miles (2.33 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 533
1890 593 11.3%
1900 800 34.9%
1910 782 −2.2%
1920 657 −16.0%
1930 683 4.0%
1940 905 32.5%
1950 808 −10.7%
1960 786 −2.7%
1970 679 −13.6%
1980 723 6.5%
1990 641 −11.3%
2000 618 −3.6%
2010 481 −22.2%
2019 (est.) 463 −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 481 people, 240 households, and 136 families residing in the village. The population density was 534.4 inhabitants per square mile (206.3/km2). There were 275 housing units at an average density of 305.6 per square mile (118.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 89.0% White, 0.6% African American, 7.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 240 households, of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.3% were non-families. 38.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.62.

The median age in the village was 52.9 years. 17% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16% were from 25 to 44; 37% were from 45 to 64; and 25.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

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