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Town of Delhi
Revised photo, town hall in Delhi, LA IMG 7337 1.jpg
Delhi City Hall
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Richland
Elevation 89 ft (27.1 m)
Coordinates 32°27′21″N 91°29′36″W / 32.45583°N 91.49333°W / 32.45583; -91.49333
Area 2.6 sq mi (6.7 km²)
 - land 2.5 sq mi (6 km²)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0 km²), 3.85%
Population 2,972 (2013)
Density 1,241.2 /sq mi (479.2 /km²)
Government Mayor-council
Mayor Jessie Washington(D)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 318
Downtown Delhi, LA IMG 0180
Downtown Delhi looking south along La 17
Abandoned theater, Delhi, LA IMG 0181
Abandoned theater in downtown Delhi
Commercial Capital Bank of Delhi, LA IMG 7335
Commercial Capital Bank is located in downtown Delhi across the street from the First Baptist Church.
First Baptist Church, Delhi, LA IMG 0189
First Baptist Church at 306 Broadway Street in downtown Delhi; pastor Mickey Bounds (2013)
Delhi, LA, United Methodist Church IMG 7341
Delhi United Methodist Church is located across the street from Delhi High School.
Delhi, LA, High School IMG 7342
Delhi High School, with mascot "The Bears", is operated by the Richland Parish School Board.
Poverty Point Reservoir (2013) IMG 7439
Trees in the reservoir north of Poverty Point Reservoir State Park near Delhi

Delhi, originally called Deerfield, is a town in Richland Parish, Louisiana, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 2,969.


During the American Civil War Delhi and Monroe, the seat of Ouachita Parish, were overcrowded with unwelcome refugees from rural areas to the east when the forces of General U.S. Grant moved into northeastern Louisiana. Grant spent the winter of 1862-1863 at Winter Quarters south of Newellton in Tensas Parish in preparation for the siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, which was not completed until July 4, 1863. Historian John D. Winters reported "strong Union sympathy" in both Delhi and Monroe.

In the 1940s, Delhi was the center of a large natural gas boom, and several functioning gas fields still surround the town.

From 1968-1969, Delhi Fire Department was home to the now defunct Louisiana State Police - Troop O. Abandoned after only thirteen months in 1969, services hence reverted to Troop F in Monroe.

On February 21, 1971, Louisiana's only recorded F5 tornado struck outside of Delhi. It took forty-six lives and was the deadliest F5 tornado to hit the United States since the Jackson, Mississippi, Candlestick Park Tornado in 1966 and the earliest confirmed F5 tornado during a year.

Delhi has a drug store, the E.W. Thomsom Drug Company, which has operated continuously in the same downtown location since 1873. The company has been owned for four generations by the McEacharn family, who purchased it from the Thomsons in the early 1920s. Pharmacist Wilfred Bruce McEacharn (born 1956) is the current owner. Hand-crafted milk shakes and old-fashioned fountain Coca-Colas are still available. Popular menu items include cheeseburgers and plates of tuna and chicken salad. His wife, Shari, operates a gift shop within the drug store. The Thomson Company remains a mainstay of Delhi for all generations of patrons.


Delhi is located at 32°27′21″N 91°29′36″W / 32.45583°N 91.49333°W / 32.45583; -91.49333 (32.455948, -91.493345). The town lies at the confluence of US Highway 80 and Louisiana Highway 17, and near to Interstate Highway 20.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), of which, 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (2.33%) of it is water.

The elevation of 89 ft (27 m) spared Delhi from the brunt of the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 that destroyed most of the surrounding Mississippi River Delta area.

The Poverty Point Reservoir, which hosts the acclaimed Black Bear Golf Club and the Poverty Point Reservoir State Park, is located just north of Delhi on Louisiana State Highway 17 near Warden. The reservoir project was pushed to fruition by State Senator Francis C. Thompson of Delhi.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 186
1880 315 69.4%
1890 620 96.8%
1900 507 −18.2%
1910 685 35.1%
1920 980 43.1%
1930 1,043 6.4%
1940 1,192 14.3%
1950 1,861 56.1%
1960 2,514 35.1%
1970 2,887 14.8%
1980 3,290 14.0%
1990 3,169 −3.7%
2000 3,066 −3.3%
2010 2,919 −4.8%
Est. 2015 2,900 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,066 people, 1,129 households, and 788 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,215.2 people per square mile. There were 1,253 housing units at an average density of 496.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 42.24% White, 56.78% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 1,129 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 24.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 80.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,763, and the median income for a family was $25,651. Males had a median income of $25,054 versus $12,837 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,161. About 26.2% of families and 31.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.7% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over.

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