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Delhi, Louisiana
City
Town of Delhi
Delhi City Hall
Delhi City Hall
Location of Delhi in Richland Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Delhi in Richland Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Richland
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
Area
 • Total 2.94 sq mi (7.62 km2)
 • Land 2.87 sq mi (7.44 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
Elevation
89 ft (27 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 2,622
 • Density 912.95/sq mi (352.55/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 318
FIPS code 22-20190
Downtown Delhi, LA IMG 0180
Downtown Delhi looking south along La 17
Abandoned theater, Delhi, LA IMG 0181
Abandoned theater in downtown Delhi
Commercial Capital Bank of Delhi, LA IMG 7335
Commercial Capital Bank is located in downtown Delhi across the street from the First Baptist Church.
First Baptist Church, Delhi, LA IMG 0189
First Baptist Church at 306 Broadway Street in downtown Delhi; pastor Mickey Bounds (2013)
Delhi, LA, United Methodist Church IMG 7341
Delhi United Methodist Church is located across the street from Delhi High School.
Delhi, LA, High School IMG 7342
Delhi High School, with mascot "The Bears", is operated by the Richland Parish School Board.
Poverty Point Reservoir (2013) IMG 7439
Trees in the reservoir north of Poverty Point Reservoir State Park near Delhi

Delhi, originally called Deerfield, is a town in Richland Parish, Louisiana, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 2,919.

History

During the American Civil War Delhi and Monroe, the seat of Ouachita Parish, were overcrowded with unwelcome refugees from rural areas to the east when the forces of General U.S. Grant moved into northeastern Louisiana. Grant spent the winter of 1862-1863 at Winter Quarters south of Newellton in Tensas Parish in preparation for the siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, which was not completed until July 4, 1863. Historian John D. Winters reported "strong Union sympathy" in both Delhi and Monroe.

In the 1940s, Delhi was the center of a large natural gas boom, and several functioning gas fields still surround the town.

From 1968-1969, Delhi Fire Department was home to the now defunct Louisiana State Police - Troop O. Abandoned after only thirteen months in 1969, services hence reverted to Troop F in Monroe.

On February 21, 1971, Louisiana's only recorded F5 tornado struck outside of Delhi. It took forty-six lives and was the deadliest F5 tornado to hit the United States since the Jackson, Mississippi, Candlestick Park Tornado in 1966 and the earliest confirmed F5 tornado during a year.

Delhi has a drug store, the E.W. Thomsom Drug Company, which has operated continuously in the same downtown location since 1873. The company has been owned for four generations by the McEacharn family, who purchased it from the Thomsons in the early 1920s. Pharmacist Wilfred Bruce McEacharn (born 1956) is the current owner. Hand-crafted milk shakes and old-fashioned fountain Coca-Colas are still available. Popular menu items include cheeseburgers and plates of tuna and chicken salad. His wife, Shari, operates a gift shop within the drug store. The Thomson Company remains a mainstay of Delhi for all generations of patrons.

Geography

Delhi is located at 32°27′21″N 91°29′36″W / 32.45583°N 91.49333°W / 32.45583; -91.49333 (32.455948, -91.493345). The town lies at the confluence of US Highway 80 and Louisiana Highway 17, and near to Interstate Highway 20.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), of which, 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (2.33%) of it is water.

The elevation of 89 ft (27 m) spared Delhi from the brunt of the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 that destroyed most of the surrounding Mississippi River Delta area.

The Poverty Point Reservoir, which hosts the acclaimed Black Bear Golf Club and the Poverty Point Reservoir State Park, is located just north of Delhi on Louisiana State Highway 17 near Warden. The reservoir project was pushed to fruition by State Senator Francis C. Thompson of Delhi.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 186
1880 315 69.4%
1890 620 96.8%
1900 507 −18.2%
1910 685 35.1%
1920 980 43.1%
1930 1,043 6.4%
1940 1,192 14.3%
1950 1,861 56.1%
1960 2,514 35.1%
1970 2,887 14.8%
1980 3,290 14.0%
1990 3,169 −3.7%
2000 3,066 −3.3%
2010 2,919 −4.8%
2020 2,622 −10.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Delhi racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 789 30.09%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,727 65.87%
Native American 8 0.31%
Asian 8 0.31%
Other/Mixed 44 1.68%
Hispanic or Latino 46 1.75%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,622 people, 1,082 households, and 641 families residing in the town.

Education

Public schools in Richland Parish are operated by the Richland Parish School Board. Three campuses serve the town of Delhi - Delhi Elementary School (Grades PK-4), Delhi Middle School (Grades 5-8), Delhi High School (Grades 9-12)..

Delhi Charter School (DCS) (K-12) is an area charter school.

Notable people

  • Earl Holliman, Golden Globe award-winning film and television actor known for movies such as The Sons of Katie Elder, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral and Giant and TV series Police Woman
  • Arlene Howell, Miss Louisiana USA 1958, Miss USA 1958 and television actress
  • Bnois King, jazz and blues musician, was born in Delhi
  • Bob Love, basketball player, went to high school in Delhi
  • Charles A. Marvin, judge of the Louisiana Court of Appeal for the Second Circuit from 1975 to 1999; worked as news editor at Delhi Dispatch c. 1950
  • Tim McGraw, country singer originally from Start
  • Andrew "Blueblood" McMahon, Chicago blues bass guitarist, singer and songwriter
  • Pat "Gravy" Patterson, longtime baseball coach at Louisiana Tech University
  • Steve Pylant, former sheriff of Franklin Parish and Republican departing member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, resides in Franklin Parish near Delhi
  • Johnny Robinson, 6 Time NFL All Pro, 2020 NFL Hall of Fame Inductee, 1970 Super Bowl Champion with the Kansas City Kansas City Chiefs
  • Charles and Sam Wyly, businessmen who endowed Wyly Tower of Learning at Louisiana Tech
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