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Richland Parish, Louisiana facts for kids

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Richland Parish
Parish of Richland
Alto Presbyterian Church
Alto Presbyterian Church
Map of Louisiana highlighting Richland Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°25′18″N 91°45′43″W / 32.421736°N 91.762070°W / 32.421736; -91.762070
Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Founded September 29, 1878
Named for Fertile (rich) land in the area
Seat Rayville
Largest town Rayville
Area
 • Total 576 sq mi (1,490 km2)
 • Land 559 sq mi (1,450 km2)
 • Water 9.375 sq mi (24.28 km2)  1.6%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 20,725
 • Estimate 
(2018)
20,192
 • Density 35.98/sq mi (13.892/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)

Richland Parish is a parish located in the North Louisiana Delta Country in the U.S. state of Louisiana, known for its fertile, flat farmland, cane brakes, and open spaces. The name Richland was chosen due to the rich production from farming. The parish seat and largest community is Rayville.

History

Richland Parish is home to the first parishwide public library in the State of Louisiana. The library was built in 1925 by the Lambda Kappa Club of Rayville. R.R. Rhymes donated the original building in memory of his wife, Nonnie Roark Rhymes. In 2008, Governor Bobby Jindal appointed Bibb Ingram, a granddaughter to Nonnie Rhymes, as a member of the Louisiana State Library Board.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 565 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 559 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-20.svg Interstate 20
  • US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
  • Louisiana 15.svg Louisiana Highway 15
  • Louisiana 17.svg Louisiana Highway 17
  • Louisiana 585.svg Louisiana Highway 585

Adjacent parishes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 5,110
1880 8,440 65.2%
1890 10,230 21.2%
1900 11,116 8.7%
1910 15,769 41.9%
1920 20,860 32.3%
1930 26,374 26.4%
1940 28,829 9.3%
1950 26,672 −7.5%
1960 23,824 −10.7%
1970 21,774 −8.6%
1980 22,187 1.9%
1990 20,629 −7.0%
2000 20,981 1.7%
2010 20,725 −1.2%
2015 (est.) 20,523 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,981 people, 7,490 households, and 5,482 families residing in the parish. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 8,335 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 60.96% White, 38.01% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,490 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.20% were married couples living together, 18.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the parish the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.30 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $23,668, and the median income for a family was $29,075. Males had a median income of $28,471 versus $18,587 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $12,479. About 23.10% of families and 27.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.50% of those under age 18 and 20.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Richland Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of Richland Parish, with municipal labels

Towns

Village

Census-designated place

Gallery

Education

Public schools

  • Delhi Elementary
  • Delhi Junior High
  • Delhi High School
  • Holli Ridge Elementary
  • Mangham Elementary
  • Mangham Junior High
  • Mangham High School
  • Rayville Elementary
  • Rayville Junior High
  • Rayville, High School
  • Start Elementary

Private schools

  • Riverfield Academy, K-12

Charter schools

  • Delhi Charter, K-12

Community and technical colleges

  • Louisiana Delta Community College, (with campus locations in neighboring Tallulah, Winnsboro, Lake Providence, Bastrop, Monroe, and West Monroe.)

Regional universities

Transportation

LA 15 bridge over Boeuf River
Bridge crossing the Boeuf River on Hwy 15 near Alto, LA
Interstates and State Highways
I-20.svg Interstate 20
US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
Louisiana 15.svg Louisiana Highway 15
Louisiana 17.svg Louisiana Highway 17
Louisiana 585.svg Louisiana Highway 585
Louisiana 132 (2008).svg Louisiana Highway 132
Louisiana 133 (2008).svg Louisiana Highway 133
Louisiana 135 (2008).svg Louisiana Highway 135
Air, Rail, Levee
Airport icon small.png Rayville Municipal Airport
Airport icon small.png Delhi Municipal Airport
Airport icon small.png Monroe Regional Airport
Kansas city south lines logo.svg Kansas City Southern Railroad
LA 15 bridge over Boeuf River.jpg Tensas Basin Levee District

Notable people

  • Ralph Abraham, from Alto, elected Member of Congress in The United States House of Representatives.
  • Harry W. Addison was a Southern author and humorist who resided in Rayville from 1945 to 1957.
  • Jamar Adcock, a politician and banker in Monroe, born in Richland Parish
  • Benny Gay Christian, state representative for Richland Parish, 1964 to 1974.
  • Terry Doughty, is a federally appointed judge for the Western District of Louisiana.
  • George B. Franklin, Jr., was a prominent planter, philanthropist, and conservationist.
  • Elvin Hayes, NBA Hall of Fame basketball player, born in Rayville
  • Arlene Howell, Miss Louisiana USA 1958, Miss USA 1958
  • Fred W. Jones, Jr., city, district, and state court judge, born in Rayville; resided in Ruston, Louisiana
  • Ralph E. King, Winnsboro physician who represented Richland Parish in the Louisiana State Senate from 1944 to 1952 and again from 1956 to 1960
  • William L Kirk, of Rayville was a United States Air Force four-star general who served as Commander in Chief, U.S. Air Forces in Europe/Commander, Allied Air Forces Central Europe.
  • Moses J. Liddell was appointed by President Grover Cleveland as a judge for the Supreme Court of the Montana Territory.
  • Wiley Person Mangham, an American publisher and editor. He is the namesake for the town of Mangham, Louisiana
  • Charles McConnell, politician in Springhill, Louisiana; a native of Richland Parish
  • Keith Munyan, Jr., commercial photographer in North Hollywood, California
  • Tim McGraw, Country musician, born in Delhi, and raised in Start
  • Darryl Riser, editor of the Delhi Dispatch and Richland Beacon-News and, formerly, the Richland Journal
  • Robert Max Ross, was a Republican politician and activist who qualified to run for Governor, U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House, for the purpose of advancing the two-party system in Louisiana, at a time it did not exist.
  • Francis C. Thompson served in the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1975 until 2008; since in the Louisiana State Senate

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