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East Carroll Parish, Louisiana facts for kids

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East Carroll Parish
Parish of East Carroll
East Carroll Parish Courthouse in Lake Providence
East Carroll Parish Courthouse in Lake Providence
Map of Louisiana highlighting East Carroll Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Founded March 26, 1877
Named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Seat Lake Providence
Largest town Lake Providence
 • Total 442 sq mi (1,140 km2)
 • Land 421 sq mi (1,090 km2)
 • Water 22 sq mi (60 km2)  4.9%
 • Total 7,759
 • Estimate 
 • Density 17.554/sq mi (6.778/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 5th

East Carroll Parish (French: Paroisse de Carroll Est) is a parish located in the Mississippi Delta in northeastern Louisiana, part of what was called the Natchez District of cotton parishes. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,759. The parish seat is Lake Providence. An area of cotton plantations in the antebellum era, the parish in the early 21st century has about 74% of its land devoted to agriculture.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 442 square miles (1,140 km2), of which 421 square miles (1,090 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (4.9%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 65.svg U.S. Highway 65
  • Louisiana 2.svg Louisiana Highway 2

Adjacent counties and parishes


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 12,134
1890 12,362 1.9%
1900 11,373 −8.0%
1910 11,637 2.3%
1920 11,231 −3.5%
1930 15,815 40.8%
1940 19,023 20.3%
1950 16,302 −14.3%
1960 14,433 −11.5%
1970 12,884 −10.7%
1980 11,772 −8.6%
1990 9,709 −17.5%
2000 9,421 −3.0%
2010 7,759 −17.6%
2018 (est.) 7,037 −9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013


East Carroll Parish racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 2,034 27.27%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,164 69.23%
Native American 2 0.03%
Asian 17 0.23%
Other/Mixed 127 1.7%
Hispanic or Latino 115 1.54%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,459 people, 2,037 households, and 1,193 families residing in the parish.


The 2010 U.S. Census reported the following breakdown of parish population: Black: 69.0%; White: 28.9%, Native American: 0.2%; Asian: 0.6%; Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.0%; Two or more races: 0.7%; and Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 1.6%.


As of the census of 2000, there were 9,421 people, 2,969 households, and 2,140 families residing in the parish. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 3,303 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the parish was 67.29% Black or African American, 31.60% White, 0.18% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,969 households, out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.00% were married couples living together, 27.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the parish the population was spread out, with 30.30% under the age of 18, 11.50% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 18.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 104.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.90 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $20,723, and the median income for a family was $24,554. Males had a median income of $22,099 versus $18,672 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $9,629. About 32.60% of families and 40.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 56.80% of those under age 18 and 32.70% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

Economy and poverty data

East Carroll Parish is still largely agricultural, with 74% of its land devoted to crops. As farm labor needs have been reduced by mechanization and farms have been consolidated into larger units, jobs in the area have been reduced. Agriculture may take the form of aquaculture, and row crops.

Of 3,197 counties ranked by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011 for "estimated percent of people of all ages in poverty", East Carroll Parish was fifth. It was estimated that 44 percent of the rural county's residents lived in poverty.


Map of East Carroll Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of East Carroll Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels


Unincorporated Communities



Public schools in East Carroll Parish are operated by the East Carroll Parish School Board. In an infographic released by Graphiq, East Carroll Parish is ranked as the least educated parish in Louisiana with 32.29% of 25 year-olds without a high school diploma and 9.4% of 25 year-olds with a bachelor's degree or higher.

Notable people

  • Buddy Caldwell, District Attorney of the Sixth Judicial District in East Carroll, elected in 2007 as the attorney general of Louisiana, serving into 2016
  • Vail M. Delony, state representative, 1950–1967; Speaker of the Louisiana House, 1964–1967
  • John Martin Hamley, state representative, 1912–1924; clerk of the state House, 1924–1931; elected parish tax assessor, 1933`
  • William J. Jefferson, former U.S. representative from Louisiana's 2nd congressional district, was born in Lake Providence. He was convicted of corruption in 2012; in 2017, seven of 10 charges against him were dropped and he was released from prison.
  • James E. Paxton, district attorney for Louisiana 6th Judicial District (East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas parishes) since 2008
  • Francis Xavier Ransdell, state 6th Judicial District judge from 1900 to 1936
  • Joseph Ransdell, a Democrat who served in Congress from 1913 to 1931. Ransdell was born in Alexandria but resided for many years in Lake Providence.
  • John Henry Scott, born and lived in this parish, worked on civil rights for voting rights of African Americans in the state
  • David Voelker, entrepreneur and philanthropist in New Orleans; born in Lake Providence
  • Frank Voelker Jr., attorney in Lake Providence and New Orleans; former chairman of the Louisiana Sovereignty Commission; candidate for governor of Louisiana in 1963
  • Frank Voelker Sr., judge of the 6th Judicial District, 1937–1963; son-in-law of Judge Francis Ransdell
  • Charles L. Vining Jr., state representative from East and West Carroll parishes, 1968–1972
  • Norris C. Williamson, state senator from 1916 to 1932; advocate of cotton planter interest and worked to gain state funding to eradicate the cattle tick
  • John D. Winters, historian at Louisiana Tech University, author of The Civil War in Louisiana (1963), was reared in Lake Providence.
  • Aaron "Rudy" Threats, the longest serving Chief of Police in the history of Lake Providence, the parish seat of East Carroll Parish.
  • General Trass, served as Mayor of Lake Providence and Principal of public school in Lake Providence from 1954 until 1991. The high school was renamed for him after his death.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Parroquia de East Carroll para niños

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