Chicot County, Arkansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Chicot County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Chicot County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the USA highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded October 25, 1823
Seat Lake Village
Largest City Dermott
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

691 sq mi (1,790 km²)
644 sq mi (1,668 km²)
47 sq mi (122 km²), 6.7%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

11,027
18/sq mi (7/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://chicotcounty.arkansas.gov/index

Chicot County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,800. The county seat is Lake Village. Chicot County is Arkansas's tenth county, formed on October 25, 1823, and named after Point Chicot on the Mississippi River. It is part of the Arkansas Delta, historically important for cotton cultivation.

Landmarks around the county include Lake Chicot, North America's largest oxbow lake and Arkansas's largest natural lake; the site of Charles Lindbergh's first night-time flight; and the legendary burial site of Hernando De Soto, near Lake Village.

History

Prior to the American Civil War of 1861-1865, the county was home to several large cotton plantations: Sunnyside (owned in the 20th century by LeRoy Percy, planter and US Senator from Greenville, Mississippi); Florence, Patria, Pastoria, Luna, and Lakeport.

During the war, Union and Confederate forces fought at the Battle of Old River Lake from June 5 to June 6, 1864.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 691 square miles (1,790 km2), of which 644 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (6.7%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 65.svg U.S. Highway 65
  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 165.svg U.S. Highway 165
  • US 278.svg U.S. Highway 278
  • Arkansas 8.svg Highway 8
  • Arkansas 35.svg Highway 35
  • Arkansas 159.svg Highway 159
  • Arkansas 52.svg Highway 52

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,165
1840 3,806 226.7%
1850 5,115 34.4%
1860 9,234 80.5%
1870 7,214 −21.9%
1880 10,117 40.2%
1890 11,419 12.9%
1900 14,528 27.2%
1910 21,987 51.3%
1920 21,749 −1.1%
1930 22,646 4.1%
1940 27,452 21.2%
1950 22,306 −18.7%
1960 18,990 −14.9%
1970 18,164 −4.3%
1980 17,793 −2.0%
1990 15,713 −11.7%
2000 14,117 −10.2%
2010 11,800 −16.4%
Est. 2015 11,027 −6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015
USA Chicot County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Chicot County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,800 people residing in the county. 54.1% were Black or African American, 41.2% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 3.2% of some other race and 0.8 of two or more races. 4.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 14,117 people, 5,205 households, and 3,643 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 5,974 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 43.24% White, 53.96% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 2.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,205 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.70% were married couples living together, 22.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,024, and the median income for a family was $27,960. Males had a median income of $25,899 versus $17,115 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,825. About 23.10% of families and 28.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.30% of those under age 18 and 20.70% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 the county population was 11,800. The racial make-up was 40.35% Non-Hispanic whites, 54.08% blacks, 0.19% Native Americans, 0.47% Asians, 0.03% Pacific Islanders and 4.59% Hispanics or Latinos.

Since 1940, the population of the county has collapsed. Press reports indicate that in 2013, the largest settlement in the county, Lake Village, Arkansas had two bank branches, two pharmacies, some law firms, two dollar stores, a grocery store, and no retail shops.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Townships

Chicot County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large
Townships in Chicot County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Chicot County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.


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