Washington County, Mississippi facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Washington County, Mississippi
Map
Map of Mississippi highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the USA highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1827
Seat Greenville
Largest City Greenville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

761 sq mi (1,971 km²)
725 sq mi (1,878 km²)
36 sq mi (93 km²), 4.8%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

51,137
71/sq mi (27/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.washingtoncounty.ms
Named for: George Washington

Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,137. Its county seat is Greenville. The county is named in honor of the first President of the United States, George Washington.

The Greenville, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Washington County. It is located in the Mississippi Delta.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 761 square miles (1,970 km2), of which 725 square miles (1,880 km2) is land and 36 square miles (93 km2) (4.8%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge
  • Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,976
1840 7,287 268.8%
1850 8,389 15.1%
1860 15,679 86.9%
1870 14,569 −7.1%
1880 25,367 74.1%
1890 40,414 59.3%
1900 49,216 21.8%
1910 48,933 −0.6%
1920 51,092 4.4%
1930 54,310 6.3%
1940 67,576 24.4%
1950 70,504 4.3%
1960 78,638 11.5%
1970 70,581 −10.2%
1980 72,344 2.5%
1990 67,935 −6.1%
2000 62,977 −7.3%
2010 51,137 −18.8%
Est. 2015 48,130 −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 51,137 people residing in the county. 71.3% were Black or African American, 27.0% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 62,977 people, 22,158 households, and 15,931 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 24,381 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 33.97% White, 69.57% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 0.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Washington County were African 69.57%, English 21.4%, Scottish 8.2% and Scots-Irish 3.1%

Washington County by 2005 was 67.2% African-American in population. Latinos constituted 1.1% of the population in the county while non-Hispanic whites made up 31.7% of the population.

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,158 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.60% were married couples living together, 26.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.50% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 87.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,757, and the median income for a family was $30,324. Males had a median income of $28,266 versus $20,223 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,430. About 24.90% of families and 29.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.40% of those under age 18 and 24.60% of those age 65 or over.

Washington County's demographics are rooted in the region's mid-nineteenth-century ascendance in cotton production and, accordingly, importation of people as slaves. According to the historian Sven Beckert, the county had "more than ten slaves for every white inhabitant" in 1840, and "every white family in the county held on average more than eighty slaves" by 1850.

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 61.svg U.S. Highway 61
  • US 278.svg U.S. Highway 278
  • Circle sign 1.svg Mississippi Highway 1
  • Circle sign 12.svg Mississippi Highway 12

Airport

Mid Delta Regional Airport, owned by the City of Greenville, is located in an unincorporated area in the county.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


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