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Sir E. Ray Lankester
PSM V73 D096 Edwin Ray Lankester.jpg
Sir E. Ray Lankester in 1908
Born (1847-05-15)15 May 1847
Died 13 August 1929(1929-08-13) (aged 82)
Nationality British
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
Known for Evolution, Rationalism
Awards Knight Bachelor (1906)
Darwin-Wallace Medal (Silver, 1908)
Copley Medal (1913)
Linnean Medal (1920)
Scientific career
Fields Zoology
Institutions University College London
Oxford University
British Museum (Natural History)
Influences Thomas Henry Huxley, August Weismann, Anton Dohrn
Influenced E.S. Goodrich
W.F.R. Weldon
Author abbrev. (botany) Lank.

Sir E. Ray Lankester KCB, FRS (15 May 1847 – 13 August 1929) was a British zoologist, born in London.

Ray Lankester was an invertebrate zoologist and evolutionary biologist. He was Professor of Zoology at University College London and Oxford University. He was the third Director of the Natural History Museum, and was awarded the Copley Medal of the Royal Society.

E. (Edwin: his first name was never used) Ray Lankester was the son of Edwin Lankester, a coroner and doctor-naturalist who helped abolish cholera in London. Ray Lankester was probably named after the naturalist John Ray.

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