Map of Japanese provinces (1868
) with Echizen Province highlighted
Echizen Province (越前国 Echizen no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukui Prefecture on the island of Honshū. Along with Etchū and Echigo Provinces, it was sometimes called Esshū (越州).
The ancient capital city of the province was at Echizen.
View of Echizen Province, woodblock print by Hiroshige, 1853
The boundaries of Echizen were formally established during the reigns of Empress Genshō and Empress Kōken.
Before the boundaries were established, this area including Etchū and Echigo were called Koshi.
In the Edo period, the daimyo of Fukui Domain lived at Fukui.
In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Echizen Province were reformed in the 1870s.
Echizen Provincial office was established in Nyū (丹生郡, Nyū-gun).
Kehi jingū was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Echizen.
Ōmushi jinja was estublished in Suishin emperor 7. It is written in “Engishiki Jinmyoutyou” and the old status of a Shinto shrine is prefectural shrine.